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INORGANIC FUNCTIONAL MATERIALS

CODICE 104069
ANNO ACCADEMICO 2022/2023
CFU
  • 3 cfu al 2° anno di 9017 SCIENZA E INGEGNERIA DEI MATERIALI (LM-53) - GENOVA
  • 3 cfu al 1° anno di 11430 SCIENZA E TECNOLOGIA DEI MATERIALI (LM SC.MAT.) - GENOVA
  • SETTORE SCIENTIFICO DISCIPLINARE CHIM/03
    LINGUA Inglese
    SEDE
  • GENOVA
  • PERIODO 2° Semestre
    MATERIALE DIDATTICO AULAWEB

    PRESENTAZIONE

    Introduction to processes for the preparation and modification of functional inorganic materials. Properties of the synthesized materials and their applications.

    OBIETTIVI E CONTENUTI

    OBIETTIVI FORMATIVI

    Introduction to the various processes for the preparation and modification of inorganic materials. Properties of the synthesized materials and applications.

    OBIETTIVI FORMATIVI (DETTAGLIO) E RISULTATI DI APPRENDIMENTO

    This course aims at understanding the big role of functional materials in modern technologies and the working methodology in material research through the study of different classes of materials.

    At the end of the course, students are expected to understand:

    - Functionalities of materials used as sensors and actuators.

    - Working principles of different classes of functional materials.

    - Main techniques of synthesis of these materials.

    - Chemical and physical parameters allowing to improve devices performances

    PREREQUISITI

    Fundamentals of chemistry and physics

    MODALITA' DIDATTICHE

    Traditional lectures from the teacher and, when possible, seminars given by experts at international level. Students can use material uploaded in Aulaweb. Partecipation to the lecture is strongly recommended.

    PROGRAMMA/CONTENUTO

    This course will introduce the processes for the preparation of functional inorganic materials. Three different classes of materials will be studied and, for each class, chemical, physical and application aspects will be discussed in a comprehensive way.

    Introduction to the lecture: Course objectives. Definition of functional materials and its relations to smart materials. Trasducers, sensors and actuators. Use of sensors in high technological devices (e.g. smartphones). MEMS.

    Solid state synthesis: Solid state reactions: ceramic method, Combustion Synthesis. Co-precipitation methods. Precursor methods. Mechano-chemical Synthesis. Sintering. Intercalation reactions. Related examples.

    Formation of Solids from Solutions and Melts: Sol-gel process: definition, steps and reactions. Examples. Solvothermal Processes. Hydrothermal synthesis of single crystals.

    Thin-film deposition techniques:  Introduction and process steps. Classification of thin-film deposition technology. Physical vapor deposition and chemical vapor deposition. Examples of use in different fields. Evaporation step. Knudsen number. Step coverage. Deposition steps. Epitaxy. Fractional mismatch. Substrates for epitaxy. Heteroepitaxy of semiconductors. Epitaxy techniques (LPE, VPE, MBE, MOCVD). Energy beams: electron beams, cathodic and anodic arc, pulsed beams, ion-beam sputtering. Chemical vapor deposition (CVD) and comparison with physical vapor deposition PVD. Gas transport, reactors and typical overall reactions used in CVD. Precursors. Case exemplary study: Deposition of SiO2.

    Single crystals growing in functional materials:  Semiconductor materials list. p-n junction. Methods for single crystal production of semiconductors: Czochralski process, Float-zone growing, Bridgman technique. Wafer production of Si -p and –n doped.

    Three examples of functional materials:

    Themoelectric materials:  Seebeck and Peltier effects. . Figure of merit zT. Thermoelectric modules. Phonon-glass electron crystal (PGEC). Applications.

    Piezoelectrics: Piezoelectricity and crystal symmetry. Lead zirconate titanate (PZT) and other perovskitic materials. Their applications.

    LED (Light Emitting Diodes): From infrared to the blue LED.

    TESTI/BIBLIOGRAFIA

    Synthesis of Inorganic Materials, U.Schubert, N.Hüsing, Wiley-VCH, 2012

    Inorganic materials, D.W.Bruce, D.O’Hare, J.Wiley&Sons, 1997

    Basic Solid State Chemistry, A.R.West, Wiley-VCH, 1984

    Solid State chemistry, Anthony R. West, J. Wiley e Sons 1990

    DOCENTI E COMMISSIONI

    Commissione d'esame

    MAURO GIOVANNINI (Presidente)

    PAOLA RIANI

    LEZIONI

    INIZIO LEZIONI

    22/2/2022

    Orari delle lezioni

    L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile su EasyAcademy.

    ESAMI

    MODALITA' D'ESAME

    Student evaluation will be carried out in a traditional way, by means of a written final exam.

    In the case the student is willing to improve his/her mark, he/she could take a further oral exams.

    MODALITA' DI ACCERTAMENTO

    The written examination allows to check accurately the achievement of the educational goals of the course. It will consists of 6 questions about subjects discussed during the lecture and in ordert to pass the exam the student should answer, at least,  to 4 of them

    Calendario appelli

    Data Ora Luogo Tipologia Note
    15/06/2023 09:30 GENOVA Scritto
    06/07/2023 09:30 GENOVA Scritto