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PHYSIOPATHOLOGY

CODE 68165
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS
  • 6 cfu during the 2nd year of 9293 TECNICHE DI LABORATORIO BIOMEDICO(L/SNT3) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR MED/04
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    MODULES This unit is a module of:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    This course offers students the fundamental elements of pathophysiology essential for understanding the meaning of laboratory tests in the diagnostic process.

     

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Know the fundamental pathophysiological mechanisms of the main organs and systems. Know the main laboratory tests that can investigate pathophysiological mechanisms, and correlate them with basic clinical knowledge. Be aware that the purpose of knowledge of pathophysiological processes is the indispensable substrate for the subsequent clinical-laboratory approach to human diseases

     

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

     The pathophysiology teaching aims to:

    • provide the necessary knowledge to understand the causes and mechanisms underlying the most important human diseases

    • introduce issues related to laboratory diagnostic procedures

    • make students acquire the ability to correctly frame the various pathologies by integrating the knowledge acquired in the pathophysiology course with that of the previous courses

       

    At the end of the course, the student will be able to:

    • Know the malfunction of the main organs and systems

    • Understanding causes (endogenous or exogenous), and mechanisms underlying the onset and progression of the most frequent pathologies

    • Recognize the reasons for prescribing certain laboratory tests in the presence of certain clinical patterns

     

    PREREQUISITES

    Basic knowledge in anatomy, histology, biochemistry, immunology, physiology and general pathology

    TEACHING METHODS

    The teaching is divided into 20 hours of lectures on all the topics of the program, which are illustrated by the teacher through PowerPoint presentations that are shared on Aulaweb.

    During the lectures, dialectical interaction with students will be sought whenever possible.

    In the event of a health emergency, the lessons will be held with the distance teaching method

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

     Anemias: causes and classification

    The main metabolic diseases: type 1 and type 2 diabetes mellitus; dyslipidaemias.

    Atherosclerosis and cardiovascular risk; Ischemic heart disease

    Classification of kidney disease and acute and chronic renal failure. Hydro-saline balance with particular reference to sodium and potassium ions. Introduction to calcium and phosphorus metabolism. Acid-base balance and its alterations. Meaning of blood gas analysis

    Pathophysiology of the liver and biliary tract: acute and chronic hepatitis, cirrhosis, ascites, liver failure, portal hypertension, cholestasis, jaundice, systemic effects of liver damage.

    Outline of endocrine pathophysiology

     

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

     Lecture notes on Aulaweb covering all the topics of the program will be provided to students;

    Support books (not mandatory)

    - GM Pontieri, General Pathophysiology, Piccin,

    - Robbins and Cotran. The pathological bases of diseases. Elsevier

    - An Internal Medicine Textbook (Harrison or Cecil)

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    NICOLA TRAVERSO (President)

    ANNA LISA FURFARO

    MARIA CRISTINA MINGARI

    MARIA ADELAIDE PRONZATO (President and Coordinator of Integrated Course)

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    First semester of the academic year of reference (indicatively November, sicne pathophysiology lessons are usually scheduled after general pathology lessons)

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

     The exam consists of an oral test and takes place in the presence of the teachers of the Integrated Course. The interview lasts about 30 minutes and focuses on the program carried out during the frontal lessons. By discussing various topics, the Commission verifies the achievement of the educational objectives of the course.

    At the end of the interview, the teachers of the Commission formulate a final vote that derives from the overall judgment of the candidate on all the disciplines of the integrated course.

    Basic knowledge is essential for the exam to be considered sufficient.

    The mark of 30/30 with honors will be awarded when the knowledge / skills of the subject are excellent

     The exam will take place remotely in the event of a health emergency

     

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

     Verification of learning takes place through the final exam which aims to ascertain the actual acquisition by the student of the expected results.

    In particular, in order to pass the exam, the student must demonstrate knowledge of the fundamental pathophysiological mechanisms discussed during the thesis

    The final marks are expressed in thirtieths, and depend on:

    • the ability to deal transversally and critically with the required topics, with the necessary interations between the various chapters of the pathophysiology program

    • fairness, clarity, synthesis and fluidity of the exhibition;

    • mastery of the subject;

    • the adoption of appropriate terminology

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    21/01/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Auletta di Patologia generale via Alberti L.B. 2 AVVISO: L'esame di venerdì 1 luglio è stato rimadato al giorno lunedì 4 luglio ore 9, stessa sede Nicola Traverso NOTA: L'esame dell'8 settembre ore 9 è rimandato a lunedì 12 ore 9. Salvo successive note, la sede sarà l'Auleta di Patologia generale, piano terra.
    11/02/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Auletta di Patologia generale via Alberti L.B. 2 AVVISO: L'esame di venerdì 1 luglio è stato rimadato al giorno lunedì 4 luglio ore 9, stessa sede Nicola Traverso NOTA: L'esame dell'8 settembre ore 9 è rimandato a lunedì 12 ore 9. Salvo successive note, la sede sarà l'Auleta di Patologia generale, piano terra.
    25/02/2022 09:30 GENOVA Orale Appello aperto a tutti gli studenti fatte salve le propedeuticità Online, codice TEAMS 90cdaqz Iscrizione online obbligatoria
    14/06/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Auletta di Patologia generale via Alberti L.B. 2 AVVISO: L'esame di venerdì 1 luglio è stato rimadato al giorno lunedì 4 luglio ore 9, stessa sede Nicola Traverso NOTA: L'esame dell'8 settembre ore 9 è rimandato a lunedì 12 ore 9. Salvo successive note, la sede sarà l'Auleta di Patologia generale, piano terra.
    01/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Auletta di Patologia generale via Alberti L.B. 2 AVVISO: L'esame di venerdì 1 luglio è stato rimadato al giorno lunedì 4 luglio ore 9, stessa sede Nicola Traverso NOTA: L'esame dell'8 settembre ore 9 è rimandato a lunedì 12 ore 9. Salvo successive note, la sede sarà l'Auleta di Patologia generale, piano terra.
    15/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Auletta di Patologia generale via Alberti L.B. 2 AVVISO: L'esame di venerdì 1 luglio è stato rimadato al giorno lunedì 4 luglio ore 9, stessa sede Nicola Traverso NOTA: L'esame dell'8 settembre ore 9 è rimandato a lunedì 12 ore 9. Salvo successive note, la sede sarà l'Auleta di Patologia generale, piano terra.
    08/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Auletta di Patologia generale via Alberti L.B. 2 AVVISO: L'esame di venerdì 1 luglio è stato rimadato al giorno lunedì 4 luglio ore 9, stessa sede Nicola Traverso NOTA: L'esame dell'8 settembre ore 9 è rimandato a lunedì 12 ore 9. Salvo successive note, la sede sarà l'Auleta di Patologia generale, piano terra.
    23/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale Auletta di Patologia generale via Alberti L.B. 2 AVVISO: L'esame di venerdì 1 luglio è stato rimadato al giorno lunedì 4 luglio ore 9, stessa sede Nicola Traverso NOTA: L'esame dell'8 settembre ore 9 è rimandato a lunedì 12 ore 9. Salvo successive note, la sede sarà l'Auleta di Patologia generale, piano terra.