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CHEMICAL AND BIOCHEMICAL PROCESSES AND PLANTS FOR ENERGY

CODE 72562
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS
  • 6 cfu during the 1st year of 10170 ENERGY ENGINEERING (LM-30) - SAVONA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR ING-IND/25
    LANGUAGE English
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • SAVONA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    MODULES This unit is a module of:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The course describes the major alternative energy conversion processes. The course will be focused on chemical and biochemical processes to produce sustainable and clean energy for example biodiesel from microalgae, bioethanol from cellulosic and lignocellulosic biomasses and biogas from anaerobic digestion.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The aim of the course consists of describing substrates, plants and chemical and metabolic engineering processes for the production of energy. The attention is focused on the feedstocks and the processes used to produce green energy discussing the concept of biorefinery and bioeconomy. The most common downstream processes and separation techniques (filtration, centrifugation etc.) at industrial scale are discussed.

    At the end of the course, it is expected that students will be able to:

    • understand and critically describe chemical and biochemical processes that are the basis for the production of the most common biofuels (biodiesel, bioethanol, hydrogen and biogas);
    • design plants for the above-mentioned biofuels;
    • set up and supervise cultivation systems of microorganism used for biofuels production;
    • understand the most common downstream processes and separation techniques used at industrial scale for biofuels production;
    • provide examples of biorefineries.

    TEACHING METHODS

    The course consists of lessons held in classroom with the help of slides, 48 hours in total. Part of them are represented by laboratory lessons, held in didactic laboratories, where students will actively participate to the experimental activities.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    The syllabus of the course consists of:

    • plants for the growth of microorganism and for the production of biodiesel, bioethanol, hydrogen and biogas (fermenters, bioreactors, plants for transesterification, plants for anaerobic digestion etc.);
    • microalgae: growth, plants for microalgae cultivation at industrial scale and processes to obtain energy;
    • chemical and biochemical processes for the production of biodiesel, fossil fuels, bioethanol, hydrogen and biogas;
    • downstream processes and separation techniques: filtration, centrifugation, sedimentation, flocculation, distillation and chromatography;
    • biorefineries and bioeconomy;
    • experimental activities in didactic laboratories.

     

    The content of the course is:

    - importance of sustainable energy production with low environmental impacts based on the use of different biomass resources: metabolic potentials of microorganisms and biomasses to produce biofuels and chemicals;

    - conversion processes from photosynthetic microorganisms, plants and their residues, and urban wastes into biofuels: importance of operative parameters to enhance the conversion yield and the product quality;

    - process engineering of conversion processes: quantification of key operative parameters for chemical metabolic engineering processes for energy production via mathematical formulations, energy and mass balances, plant design.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    All the material shown during the lessons is given to the students. In general, the notes of each lesson and the slides are sufficient to study and to have success in examinations. However, the text reported below could be considered a valid support during the preparation of the exam:

    • A. Fiechter, “Advances in biochemical engineering/biotechnology”, Springer-Verlag.
    • J.E. Bailey and D.F. Ollis, “Biochemical engineering fundamentals”, McGraw Hill.
    • S. Katoh and F. Yoshida, “Biochemical engineering: a textbook for engineers, chemists and biologists”, WILEY-VCH.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    GUIDO BUSCA (President)

    GABRIELLA GARBARINO

    PATRIZIA PEREGO

    FABIO CURRÒ (President Substitute)

    BRUNO FABIANO (President Substitute)

    LESSONS

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The final exam will be a written exam. This exam consists of three short-answer questions (5.5 points each): the first regarding a schematic representation of a plant for biofuels production, the second and the third regarding chemical and biochemical processes for the production of energy. Furthermore, there are 33 multiple-choice questions (0.5 points each) about all the topics explained during the course. There will be 3 exams during the winter session and 4 exams during the summer session.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The written exam will evaluate the capability of the students to provide schematic representation and comments regarding plants used for biofuels production and to critically describe the most common chemical and biochemical processes for energy production. The evaluation of the written exam will take into consideration the appropriateness of the words chosen in the text, the capability of problem solving in the case of plant design and the capability of being concise with clarity in the reported descriptions about the chemical and biochemical processes.

     

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    10/01/2022 14:00 SAVONA Orale
    13/01/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale
    24/01/2022 14:00 SAVONA Orale
    10/02/2022 10:00 GENOVA Orale
    13/06/2022 14:00 SAVONA Orale
    04/07/2022 14:00 SAVONA Orale
    05/09/2022 14:00 SAVONA Orale