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REACTOR CONTROL AND DYNAMICS

CODE 80384
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS
  • 10 cfu during the 2nd year of 10376 INGEGNERIA CHIMICA E DI PROCESSO (LM-22) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR ING-IND/24
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    MODULES This unit is a module of:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The course provides tools and methods for the definition of dynamic models of the most common chemical reactors, analysis of the dynamic behaviour  during all phases of operation and control strategies.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The course provides tools and methods for the modeling of the dynamic behavior and control of chemical reactors, with particular reference to safe start-up and shut-down. The course provides tools and methods for the acquisition, processing and extracting information from time series process data.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Applying knowledge and skills

    Attendance and active participation in the proposed training activities (lectures, numerical exercises and simulation) and individual study will allow the student to:

    • define operating conditions for continuous and batch chemical reactors and evaluate the possible operation problems;
    • analyze process data and / or operating databases and  extract information for identifying faults or management issues;
    • design of filling and thermal start-ups, operation and shut-down of chemical reactors;
    • design pilot-scale experimental campaigns or simulation campaigns (with different types of models) for the study of the dynamics of chemical reactors and for reactors scale-up;
    • design the main regulation systems on chemical reactors.

     

    TEACHING METHODS

    The course provides lectures with the help of slides provided by the teacher (online by the Teams platform or in mixed teaching modality), numerical exercises and laboratory activity using simulation tools and sw. Lectures are recorded and available to students.

    Theoretical contents (30 hours) alternate exercises (20 hours, including numerical exercises and dynamic simulation) aimed at encouraging the learning and discussion of specific critical design situations involving the analysis of the dynamic behaviour of chemical reactors.

    Transversal competences as autonomy of judgment will be acquired during the development of the proposed project, to be carried out in a group with the use of commercial software;  communication skills will be acquired during the oral examination (presentation of the project work).

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    Main contents:

    • Deterministic, black-box, mechanistic, stochastic dynamic models. State-space representation of dynamic systems.
    • Estimation of characteristic times of process equipment.
    • Study of stability, steady states, oscillations and nonlinear dynamics of reactions and chemical reactors.
    • Thermal runaway, parametric sensitivity, adjustment and control of chemical reactors, adaptive control, dynamics of start-up and shut-down, on-line fault diagnosis.
    • Early warning criteria.
    • Methods for process data analysis, gross errors detection and filters.
    • Group activities on analysis of process data and dynamic simulation of controlled reactors (Matlab, Simulink).

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Dispense e diapositive fornite dal docente (contenenti bibliografia completa).

    Kravaris C. e Kookos I. K., "Understanding Process Dynamics and Control", Cambridge University Press, 2021, ISBN 978-1-107-03558-4

    Said S. E. H. el-Nashaie, Shadia S. el-Shishini, "Dynamic Modelling, Bifurcation and Chaotic Behaviour of Gas-Solid Catalytic Reactors", Gordon & Breach Publishers, 1996, ISBN 2-88449-078-7.

    William L. Luyben, "Chemical Reactor Design and Control", John Wiley & Sons Ltd., 2007, ISBN: 978-0-470-09770-0.

    Roffel B., Betlem B., "Process Dynamics and Control", Wiley, 2006, ISBN-10: 0-470-01663-9.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    RENZO DI FELICE (President)

    CRISTINA ELIA MOLINER ESTOPINAN

    OMBRETTA PALADINO (President Substitute)

    LESSONS

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    Written exercise (carried out in group, on reactors simulation or data analysis tasks) and oral examination (discussion of the written exercise and questions about theory).

    The grade obtained in the teaching will be the average of the marks given in the two modules in which the teaching is divided.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    Written exercise: a real problem about a pilot or lab-scale reactor (with some experimental data) is posed  and must be solved in team.

    It is used to evaluate the ability of the students to design pilot-scale experimental campaigns or simulation campaigns (with different types of models) for the study of the dynamics of chemical reactors.

    Oral examination:questions about theory and definitions and discussion of the exercise.

    It is used to evaluate the ability of the student to discriminate between different dynamic models, to evaluate stability, to know main controllers properties, to know the principal design crieria to prevent runaway and for safe start-up and shut-down of chemical reactors.

    It is used to evaluate the contribute of each student inside the team work and about the application of theory.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    07/06/2022 11:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    16/06/2022 11:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    15/09/2022 11:00 GENOVA Scritto + Orale