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CODE 101143
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS
  • 9 cfu during the 1st year of 10948 MARITIME SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY(L-28) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR FIS/06
    LANGUAGE English
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The course offers a throughout understanding of the procedures that are relevant for the maritime navigation in terms of voyage planning and watchkeeping. It covers competences 1.1, 1.2, 1.3, 1.4, 1.5 of the IMO Model Course for Master and Chief Mate

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The course offers a throughout understanding of the procedures that are relevant for the maritime navigation: a theoretical part allows to focus on the physics, geodesy and astronomy items related to navigation, while an operational part will focus on the methods that are necessary to carry out a reliable voyage planning and a correct execution, taking into account the use of nautical charts and publications, ship's routeing and ship's reporting systems. The position fixing will be analysed both in terms of coastal and celestial navigation considering the support provided by proper Aids to Navigation and the use and control of traditional instruments such as the magnetic and gyro compass and the marine sextant. The IAMSAR procedures are also taken into account.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The course offers a thorough understanding of the procedures that are relevant for the maritime navigation: a theoretical part allows to focus on geodesy, cartography, astronomy items related to navigation and statistical approach to the measurements. An operational part will focus on the methods that are necessary to carry out a reliable voyage planning and a correct execution in any condition, taking into account the use of nautical charts and publications, ship's routeing and ship's reporting systems. The position fixing will be analysed both in terms of coastal and celestial navigation considering the support provided by proper Aids to Navigation and the use and control of traditional instruments such as the magnetic and gyro compass and the marine sextant. The IAMSAR procedures are also taken into account.

    The course aims to offer a great part of the learning outcomes set in the STCW Table A-II/2 “Specification of minimum standard of competence for masters and chief mates on ships of 500 gross tonnage or more”, function: Navigation at the management level.

    At the end of the course the students are expected to:

    Apply the pertinent methods for a reliable passage planning in compliance with the international regulations in all conditions

    Apply the pertinent procedure for a safe watchkeeping in compliance with the international regulations in all conditions

    Being aware of the traditional navigation equipment operation and limitations in all conditions

    Respond to emergencies in terms of SAR

    PREREQUISITES

    None

    TEACHING METHODS

    Frontal lessons, group work, exercises, lab activities.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    10h

    Geodesy: terrestrial sphere, coordinate systems, reference systems and transformations between them. Horizontal and vertical datum.

    EXERCISES

     

    10h

    Cartography: Cartographic projections and deformations. Nautical chart projections and Nautical position. Loxodrome and geodesics.

    EXERCISES

     

    10h

    Statistical approach to measurements: source of errors, statistical indices, error propagation by linear equations.

    EXERCISES

     

    Voyage planning - 15 h

    International regulations overview

    Introduction to voyage planning

    The four steps of navigation

    Variables to be considered in the planning stage

    Nautical publications

    Ship sailing (RL and GC)

    Landfall

    Clearing bearings

    Margins of safety and parallel indexing

    Planning and executing a turn

    Weather routeing and climatological navigation

    Environmental consideration for passage planning

    EXERCISES

     

    Watchkeeping - 7 h

    Watchkeeping principles

    STCW Chapter VIII

    COLREGs overview

    Ship’s routeing publication

    Dealing with TSS

    Dealing with VTS

    Ships' reporting system

     

    Celestial Navigation – 15 h

    Celestial coordinates systems

    PZX triangle

    Sun apparent motion and twilight

    Moon apparent and real motion

    Time in celestial navigation

    Use of the nautical almanac

    Use of the sight reduction tables

    The sextant

    Identifying celestial bodies by sight and by calculation

    Use of the Star finder

    Position fixing in celestial navigation

    Meridian passage and latitude calculation

    Saint Hilaire method

    Compass error check in celestial navigation

    EXERCISES

     

    Coastal navigation - 8 h

    IALA Buoyage system

    Lights and AToNs

    Coastal navigation plotting

    Plotting the track

    Dead reckoning plot

    Use of LOPs for determining position

    Running fix

    Wind and current consideration

    Tidal streams consideration on Admiralty charts

    EXERCISES

     

    Compasses use and control - 5 h

    Magnetic force

    Magnetic dip and variation

    Magnetic deviation

    Gyroscope orientation

    Gyro-compass errors

    New technologies for gyro-compasses

    Compass adjustment

    Echo-sounder and log

    EXERCISES

     

    Ice navigation - 5h

    The Polar Code2

    Sea ice origin and classification

    Ice geographic distribution

    Iceberg

    Detection of the presence of ice and ice bulletins

    Ice accretion on board

    Health risks in low temperatures

    Winterization

    Ship design & construction

    Ship equipment

    Ice operations

    Icebreaker assistance

    Environment protection in polar waters

     

    SAR schemes and procedures – 5 h

    SAR Organization

    Duties and facilities

    Co-ordination and co-operation

    IAMSAR main content

    IAMSAR searching schemes

    EXERCISES

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Handouts provided by the teacher.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    RICCARDO ANTOLA (President)

    DOMENICO SGUERSO

    BIANCA FEDERICI (President Substitute)

    LESSONS

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The exam is oral but a short essay on astronomical fix with the use of sight reduction tables is required. The latter is assigned to each student that enrols for the exam by Aulaweb

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The assessment is based for the greatest part on the oral exam, for which the student is expected to demonstrate a comprehensive awareness of the subjects both in technical terms and in relation to the maritime international regulation. The correct use of specific lexicon is taken into account.

    The essay is important for the evaluation of the celestial navigation part also in terms of the application of calculation schemes and procedures.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    26/01/2022 14:00 GENOVA Orale
    09/02/2022 14:00 GENOVA Orale
    30/05/2022 15:00 GENOVA Orale
    24/06/2022 15:00 GENOVA Orale
    07/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    21/07/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale
    08/09/2022 09:00 GENOVA Orale

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    None