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ENTOMOLOGIA E ZOOLOGIA FORENSE

CODE 104247
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS
  • 12 cfu during the 2nd year of 11158 BIOLOGIA APPLICATA E SPERIMENTALE(LM-6) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/05
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 2° Semester
    MODULES This unit is a module of:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The module of Forensic Entomology and Zoology will provide the student the Zoological and Entomological knowledge applicable in civil and criminal cases. The module will present how the knowledge about insects can be applied in violent crime, in case of neglect people but as well in infestation of stored product and indoor environments. Theory will be supported and illustrated with real cases. The module will also introduce the student to the illegal traffic of animals and on the illegal trade of products deriving from endangered and protected animal species.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Upon successful completion of the module, students will be able to demonstrate a:

    1. general understanding of application fields of Forensic Zoology and Forensic Entomology
    2. general understanding of the role of insect in human and other animals’ life (food contamination, diseases transmission, etc)
    3. general understanding of the colonization process of cadaver, food and other goods, and environment and of the factors affecting the process.
    4. comprehensive understanding of the factor affecting insect development
    5. general knowledge of the systematics of the insects of forensic interest
    6. systematic understanding of the contribution of insects to PMI (post mortem interval) estimation
    7. systematic understanding of the contribution of insects to season of death estimation
    8. systematic understanding of the contribution of insects to post mortem transfer identification
    9. general knowledge of the laws about animal trafficking 
    10. comprehensive understanding of the body and environment alterations caused by animals 

    The student will be able to demonstrate the ability to:

    1. correctly sample, fix and study insects of forensic interest 
    2. identify the different insect developmental stages
    3. identify the species of insects involved in body colonisation
    4. identify the species of insects associated with food, human goods and urban environments
    5. to produce a thermal reconstruction 
    6. critically estimate the PMI for a deceased individual using the entomological approach
    7. to evaluate body, object and environment alterations caused by insects and other animals

    TEACHING METHODS

    The module consists of lectures, discussions on real cases and laboratory activities. Since activities are planned to develop data analysis skills and to apply the acquired knowledge during practical and methodological activities, attendance at lessons and lab activity is strongly recommended.

    Lectures in the classroom are delivered through multimedia presentations.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    The modul sybbalus consists on the presentation and discussion of the following topics

    The death and the PMI estimation

    Decomposition, mummification, adipocere formation

    Insect: General Anatomy, Biology  and Physiology

    Insect development and reproduction

    Factors affecting the insect development

    Systematics (Phylogeny and classification)

    General Insect identification

    Insects of forensic interest

    The colonization waves 

    Factors affecting the body colonisation

    Temperature and thermal reconstruction

    Entomotoxicology and DNA in Forensic entomology

    Sampling, preparation, identification

    PMI estimation using the entomological approach

    Food pest

    Insects and other animals from urban contexts

    Lesions and alterations caused by animal activities

    Law about animal trade and trafficking

    Law about animal contaminants

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    All the slides used during the lectures and other teaching material will be available on AulaWeb at the end of each cycle of lessons / laboratory activities together with other selected papers in pdf format.

    The suggested books are available together with other books for further study at the lecturer office.

    Recommended texts for any further information:

    Tilstone, W.J.; Hastrup, M.L.; Hald, C. 2012 Fisher’s Techniques of Crime Scene Investigation, First International Edition. CRC Press

    David B. Rivers, Gregory A. Dahlem 2014. The Science of Forensic Entomology. Willey Blackwell

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    STEFANO VANIN (President)

    LAURA CORNARA

    MIRCA ZOTTI (President Substitute)

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    For lessons start and timetable go to the following link:  https://easyacademy.unige.it/portalestudenti/

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The final mark is subdivided in assesments: a practical with written report and an oral assessment.

    The practical test with the written report is related to a case and will cover the lectures and practicals topics.

    Students are admitted to the oral exam if the assessment of their written exam is at least 18/30 

    The oral examination consists of the presentation of the case reported in the written report and in answering to questions on the case.

    The final mark is given by the arithmetic average between the scores of the two assesments. The oral examination can be sustained both in the same session as the practical test or in subsequent sessions published on the UNIGE website.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    Details on how to prepare for the exam and the degree of detail required for each topic will be provided at the beginning of the course and reiterated during lectures and lab activities.

    The written report  will verify the effective acquisition of the knoweldge and the the methods of investigation typical of the discipline. The student wull work on a real scenario.

    The oral examination will assess the exposition ability of the student and their capacity to defend the conclusion of the case investigation.