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BIOLOGY OF MEDICINAL AND AROMATIC PLANTS

CODE 107002
ACADEMIC YEAR 2021/2022
CREDITS
  • 2 cfu during the 2nd year of 11158 BIOLOGIA APPLICATA E SPERIMENTALE(LM-6) - GENOVA
  • 2 cfu during the 2nd year of 10589 CONSERVAZIONE E GESTIONE DELLA NATURA(LM-60) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/01
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The course takes into consideration the basic notions of the study of spontaneous and cultivated medicinal and aromatic plants. Botanical and pharmacognostic characteristics, production sites of secondary metabolites and essential oils and biotic and abiotic factors that influence the content and quality of the bioactive compounds will be studied. Examples of the different types of use of medicinal plants for health purposes will be illustrated.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Learning of the concepts of medicinal and aromatic plants. Identification and pharmacognostic evaluation of medicinal plants. Qualitative and quantitative content of secondary metabolites and the concept of phytocomplex. Notes on the cultivation of medicinal plants and on factors affecting the content and quality of plant bioactive compounds.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Attendance and participation in the planned activities (lectures / seminars / educational visits) will allow the student to acquire knowledge about medicinal and aromatic plants and their use for health purposes.

    Specifically, the student will be able to:

    - identify the main spontaneous and cultivated Italian medicinal and aromatic plants

    -describe cells, tissues and specialized structures, responsible for the synthesis and accumulation of secondary metabolites and essential oils, in the different organs of the plant.

    - provide examples of the main applications of medicinal and aromatic plants, in particular as flavoring in the culinary field, for liqueur and medicinal use.

    - understand the role that various biotic and abiotic factors have in influencing the content and quality of the bioactive compounds.

    PREREQUISITES

    Basic knowledge of general and systematic botany and organic chemistry are required to effectively deal with the contents of the course.

    TEACHING METHODS

    The course consists of lectures delivered through multimedia presentations, supplemented by seminars and/or educational visits (Study Center, Company in the sector, etc.) that will be agreed upon during the course. Attending lectures and exercises is strongly recommended.

    Please refer to AulaWeb for any updates due to changes in the health and epidemiological situation.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    The program includes the presentation and discussion of the following topics:

    -introduction to the study of medicinal and aromatic plants: historical evidence, types of drugs obtained from plants, the concept of active principle and phytocomplex; balsamic time.

    -features useful for the identification of the main medicinal and aromatic plants; families of phytotherapeutic interest; hints of pharmacognosy; sites of production and accumulation of secondary metabolites and essential oils in the various plant organs.

    -examples of applications in the medicinal/phytotherapeutic field and for culinary and liqueur uses. 

    - notes on the cultivation of medicinal plants and the influence of various biotic and abiotic factors on the content and quality of their bioactive compounds.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    The slides relating to the lessons and other teaching material will be available on AulaWeb, in pdf format.

    Recommended reading:

    Leporatti M.L. et al. Testo atlante di Anatomia Vegetale e delle Piante officinali. Piccin, Padova, 2001.

    M.Mariotti et al.”Come fare...cure e rimedi vegetali”. 2018. Se Sistemi editoriali.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    LAURA CORNARA (President)

    GABRIELE AMBU

    PAOLA MALASPINA

    LUIGI MINUTO

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    Classes will be held in the first semester, from November onwards. Interested students, by registering on aulaweb starting from October, will receive further details through announcements directly from the teacher.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The exam consists of a written paper (in the form of a paper or test) followed by an oral discussion.

    The paper will focus on the topics and activities carried out during the course and will allow to ascertain the degree of knowledge and mastery of the subject.

    Please refer to the AulaWeb specific teaching request for any updates due to changes in the health and epidemiological situation.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    Details on how to prepare for the exam and the degree of in-depth analysis required for each topic will be provided at the beginning of the course and reiterated during lessons.

    Through writing (in the form of a paper or test) and oral discussion it will be possible to verify the degree of knowledge of the subject. The student must be able to integrate the knowledge acquired during the lectures with the skills acquired following the seminars or didactic visits provided.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    27/01/2022 15:00 GENOVA elaborato scritto e discussione orale
    10/02/2022 15:00 GENOVA elaborato scritto e discussione orale
    08/06/2022 15:00 GENOVA elaborato scritto e discussione orale
    22/06/2022 15:00 GENOVA elaborato scritto e discussione orale
    06/07/2022 15:00 GENOVA elaborato scritto e discussione orale
    20/07/2022 15:00 GENOVA elaborato scritto e discussione orale
    01/09/2022 15:00 GENOVA elaborato scritto e discussione orale