|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||BIO/14|
|MODULES||This unit is a module of:|
The course aims at characterizing the main derivatives of natural origin, taking an overview of their active constituents with particular attention to the therapeutic/toxic effects that take place both at the cellular level and in the different organ systems such as the central nervous system, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, genitourinary, respiratory system and skin, describing also what are the molecular mechanisms related at the basis of their therapeutic application.
The general principles of pharmacognosy are described. The main vegetable drugs are described with particular reference to those found in the European and Italian Pharmacopoeia.
The main purposes of the course are: i) to provide the concepts and basics for recognition and knowledge of drugs derived from natural sources, in particular obtained from plants, minerals and animals, ii) to discuss the pharmacological (both pharmacokinetic and pharmacodynamic aspects) and the toxicological profiles of their active constituents, iii) to evaluate their therapeutic use in clinical as well as their potential application in industry and research processes. iv) provide the knowledge for adequate prescription and dispensing in the pharmacy of natural medicines, medical devices and food supplements.
The teaching program will be fully developed within a total of 20 classes of 2 hours. Classes could be given by online telematic platform when/if necessary
Introduction to pharmacognosy, definition and classification of natural derivates (from plants, animals, and minerals). The course will outline the factors that affect the variability of the active components content in natural derivates. Natural factors: endogenous or genetic factors, exogenous or environmental factors. artificial factors: the collection and balsamic period, the preparation and preservation by dehydration processes or enzymatic inactivation. Alterations of drugs obtained from natural derivates.
Overview of the methods of preservation and analysis of drugs obtained from natural derivates, the quality control before marketing and labeling data of the packaging.
General pharmacology. Diagram of the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. Therapeutic effect, side effect, and the toxic effect. Mechanisms of interaction between active compounds from natural derivates and synthetic drugs.
Natural constituents that act on the central and peripheral nervous system. Natural constituents with sympathetic and parasympathetic effects. Natural constituents with neuro-stimulating activities, antidepressant, analgesic, anesthetic, anxiolytic, sedative, hallucinogen, and psychedelic effects, drug of abuse.
Active natural compounds that affect the cardio-circulatory apparatus. Natural compounds with cardiotonic activity, vasoactive and vasoprotectors, anticoagulant, fibrinolytic, haemostatic antihaemorrhagic.
Background of immune function and natural immunomodulatory compounds and their mechanism of action, substances with adaptogenic activities.
Compounds of natural origin which act on the gastrointestinal apparatus. Constituents with eupeptic and mucose-protective activities, choleretic and cholagogues, antispasmodic and carminative, laxatives, anti-diarrheal and constituents with hypocholesterolemic effetcs.
Ouverview of natural compounds with antiparasitic activity, anti-protozoal, anthelmintics, anti-malarials, antibiotics.
Natural compounds that affect the respiratory system. Expectorants, mucolytics and emollients, balsamic and antiseptic, bronchodilators and anti-asthmatics.
Active constituents of natural origins that affect the genitourinary apparatus. Antiseptic and diuretic, the main phytoestrogens compounds.
Compounds of natural origin which act on the muscle-skeletal apparatus and skin. Natural constituents with anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatic and revulsive activity.
Compounds of natural origin with antitumor activity.
Compounds of natural origin used in cosmetic preparation for preservatives, antiseptic, emollient as well as UV-filters.
Probiotics, prebiotics and nutraceuticals.
Pharmacovigilance and phytovigilance notions.
Outlines of biotechnological and natural toxins derived.
Overview of alternative medicine of natural origins.
Farmacognosia e Fitoterapia (Mazzanti, Dell’Aglio, Izzo) PICCIN EDITORE
- Farmacognosia. Botanica, chimica e farmacologia delle piante medicinali, (F. Capasso); SPRINGER EDITOR.
- Fondamenti di Farmacognosia e Fitoterapia (Galeotti, Mazzanti, Serafini); EDRA EDITOR
TIZIANA BONIFACINO (President)
MARCO MILANESE (President Substitute)
ANGELA BISIO (Substitute)
CHIARA CERVETTO (Substitute)
MASSIMO GRILLI (Substitute)
MANUELA MARCOLI (Substitute)
GUENDALINA OLIVERO (Substitute)
ANNA MARIA PITTALUGA (Substitute)
LUCA RAITERI (Substitute)
The beginning of the lessons, the time-schedule and the venue will be published on the Department website as soon as they will be available.
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.
The examination is oral. The examination board is always composed by two lecturers (in case of necessity, the examination is conducted by the lecturer and by a graduate student/ postdoc-fellow, recognized by the Department Committee) and it lasts from 20 up to a maximum of 40 minutes. The exam questions relate to matters dealt during the lectures and allow the board to verify the achievement of the educational objectives of teaching. The oral session examination could be given by online telematic platform when/if necessary.
The final vote will take into account the level of competence acquired, the reasoning and correlation between the different topics of the program and the proper scientific language used during the interview. If the evaluation criteria are not achieved sufficiently, the student will be rejected and invited to deepen the study, using, if necessary, further explanation by the lecturer.
|05/04/2023||09:30||GENOVA||Orale||La prova orale si svolgerà in aula A, IV piano, sezione di farmacologia e tossicologia, Dipartimento di Farmacia, Viale Cembrano, 4. Genova Sturla. Eventuali variazioni di aula, orario, o giorno verranno comunicati direttamente agli iscritti all'esame da parte dei docenti titolari.|
|19/06/2023||09:30||GENOVA||Orale||La prova orale si svolgerà in aula A, IV piano, sezione di farmacologia e tossicologia, Dipartimento di Farmacia, Viale Cembrano, 4. Genova Sturla. Eventuali variazioni di aula, orario, o giorno verranno comunicati direttamente agli iscritti all'esame da parte dei docenti titolari.|
|10/07/2023||09:30||GENOVA||Orale||La prova orale si svolgerà in aula A, IV piano, sezione di farmacologia e tossicologia, Dipartimento di Farmacia, Viale Cembrano, 4. Genova Sturla. Eventuali variazioni di aula, orario, o giorno verranno comunicati direttamente agli iscritti all'esame da parte dei docenti titolari.|