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NEUROANATOMY

CODE 66888
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 2 cfu during the 1st year of 9286 TECNICA DELLA RIABILITAZIONE PSICHIATRICA(L/SNT2) - GENOVA
  • 2 cfu during the 1st year of 9287 TERAPIA DELLA NEURO E PSICOMOTRICITA' DELL'ETA' EVOL(L/SNT2) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/16
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    MODULES This unit is a module of:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The lectures of Neuroanatomy (2 CFU, 20 hours) are held in the first semester of the first year, approximately starting from mid-November.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The lectures of Neuroanatomy aim to provide students with adequate knowledge on the Nervous System organization that allow them to understand its normal physiology and the pathologies that may arise from the impairment of its normal function. The goal of the lectures is to provide the knowledge of the different structures of the nervous system and the understanding of how they are interconnected for a correct functioning. The understanding of the issues discussed during the lectures should allow the students to deepen specific neuroanatomy issues autonomously.

    TEACHING METHODS

    The teaching activity is organized in lectures for a total amount of time of 20 hours. During these lectures all the issues the student has to know for the final exam will be explained and discussed with the help of visual aids.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    General organization of the nervous system

    The meninges

    The ventricular system

    General topographic concepts (sub/supratentorial, intra/extra-axial)

    Introduction to the telecephalon: the main anatomic landmarks (central sulcus, silvian fissure, parieto-occipital sulcus, cingulate sulcus), the cerebral cortex

    The main anatomo-functional landmarks of the telencephalon

    The central sulcus (omega sign, Dalì sign, hook sign, L sign, gyral and cortical thickness)

    Functional organization of the telencephalon:

    • Motor homunculus and sensory homunculus
    • Primary motor area
    • Primary somato-sensory area
    • Primary visual area
    • Language areas
    • Primary auditory area

    The limbic system

    Organization of the white matter (projection, association and comissural fibers)

    The basal ganglia

    The diencephalon (thalamus, hypothalamus, and brief notes on epithalamus and subthalamus)

    Introduction to the brainstem

    The brainstem (midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata): external structure and internal structure

    The cranial nerves (function, course and location of the main nuclei)

    The cerebellum (anatomy of the posterior fossa, anatomic and functional structure of cerebellum)

    The spinal cord (external and internal structure)

    The main ascending and descending systems:

    • Efferent (lateral cortico-spinal tract and anterior cortico-spinal tract)
    • Afferent (medial lemnicus tract and spino-thalamic tract)

    Vasculature of the nervous system: supra-aortic trunks, intracranial arterial system (circle of Willis), intracranial venous system (deep and superficial venous systems).

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    LESSONS

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    Oral exam

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    During the exam, the knowledge and understanding of the structures of  the human nervous system and how they work together, as well as the communication skills used by the student, will be assessed.