|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||BIO/16|
|MODULES||This unit is a module of:|
The lectures of Neuroanatomy (2 CFU, 20 hours) are held in the first semester of the first year, approximately starting from mid-November.
The lectures of Neuroanatomy aim to provide students with adequate knowledge on the Nervous System organization that allow them to understand its normal physiology and the pathologies that may arise from the impairment of its normal function. The goal of the lectures is to provide the knowledge of the different structures of the nervous system and the understanding of how they are interconnected for a correct functioning. The understanding of the issues discussed during the lectures should allow the students to deepen specific neuroanatomy issues autonomously.
The teaching activity is organized in lectures for a total amount of time of 20 hours. During these lectures all the issues the student has to know for the final exam will be explained and discussed with the help of visual aids.
General organization of the nervous system
The ventricular system
General topographic concepts (sub/supratentorial, intra/extra-axial)
Introduction to the telecephalon: the main anatomic landmarks (central sulcus, silvian fissure, parieto-occipital sulcus, cingulate sulcus), the cerebral cortex
The main anatomo-functional landmarks of the telencephalon
The central sulcus (omega sign, Dalì sign, hook sign, L sign, gyral and cortical thickness)
Functional organization of the telencephalon:
The limbic system
Organization of the white matter (projection, association and comissural fibers)
The basal ganglia
The diencephalon (thalamus, hypothalamus, and brief notes on epithalamus and subthalamus)
Introduction to the brainstem
The brainstem (midbrain, pons and medulla oblongata): external structure and internal structure
The cranial nerves (function, course and location of the main nuclei)
The cerebellum (anatomy of the posterior fossa, anatomic and functional structure of cerebellum)
The spinal cord (external and internal structure)
The main ascending and descending systems:
Vasculature of the nervous system: supra-aortic trunks, intracranial arterial system (circle of Willis), intracranial venous system (deep and superficial venous systems).
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.
During the exam, the knowledge and understanding of the structures of the human nervous system and how they work together, as well as the communication skills used by the student, will be assessed.