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CODE 61277
SEMESTER 2° Semester


La littérature et la presse des Lumières à l'Affaire Dreyfus.  In 19th century France, the development of literature is closely linked to that of journalism. The course will propose the study of literary movements and great authors in relation to their practice of literary journalism. Anthological readings and integral works will focus on the journalistic activity of writers and the fortune of their works in periodical press.



At the end of the course the student has a satisfactory knowledge of general issues and individual aspects of the history of literature. He/she is able to understand and translate texts in the original language, has acquired the basic theoretical knowledge necessary for the critical interpretation of their contents and is able to comment on and expound texts according to specific methodologies for the analysis of literary texts.


Attendance and active participation in the proposed training activities (frontal lectures and online and collaborative activities) and individual study will enable the student to:
- know the general lines of the development of French culture of the 19th century;
- know the general lines of the history of literature of the 19th century in connection with the development of the periodical press;
- be able to read and understand literary texts in French;
- use analytical methods and tools to interpret the works of the main authors;
- contextualise literary productions in the culture and historical period of reference;
- develop teamwork strategies.


Knowledge of the French language at level B1 of the CEFR and basic knowledge of the history of French literature.


Lectures during which multimedia tools and aids will also be used. Group textual and intermediate analysis activities are planned. The performance of these activities will be assessed and may be worth up to two points more than the final grade. Lessons will be recorded to enable students to make the most of the content delivered in French.


The course will focus on presenting the relationship between the development of the periodical press and literary writing and publication in the 19th century. The most important cultural elements that constituted the specificity of French culture at the time will be presented: the birth of the modern idea of the nation, the birth and development of the press, the development of literary modernity. Constant reference will be made to the reading of theoretical and literary texts.
Course topics:
1. Histoire de la presse en France des Lumières à la fin du XIXe siècle
2. Les grands écrivains et la presse: Stendhal, Hugo, Balzac, Sand, Baudelaire
3. Le Naturalisme et la presse: les frères Goncourt, Zola, Maupassant
4. Le symbolisme et la presse 

ANTHOLOGICAL READINGS: the texts that will be read and analysed during the lectures will be published on the University's e-learning portal (aulaweb) and will constitute examination material. The final reading list will be published on aulaweb at the end of the course. 

INTEGRAL READINGS: Balzac, Illusions perdues, Gustave Flaubert, L'éducation sentimentale, Guy de Maupassant, Bel-Ami.

GROUP WORKSHOPS on the 3 works read in full and on the course contents will take place throughout the course. Film transpositions of the three novels in the programme will be used to develop the students' analytical skills by comparing the original text with the filmic work. Terms of participation and content will be explained in class and will be found on the aulaweb.

For those who take the exam by choice (6CFU), the syllabus will include the first three topics and the reading of two full texts by choice.

The syllabus is unique: all lectures will be recorded and all teaching materials will be made available to all students, so it is not deemed appropriate to distinguish the syllabus between frequent and non-attending students.


All documents used during the lectures and other supporting teaching materials will be available on the Aulaweb.
The books indicated below are suggested as study support texts that the student can consult to check the adequacy of his/her preparation for the exam.  

The literature history textbooks indicated are available in the library and should be used in relation to the course topic: La littérature et la presse des Lumières à l'Affaire Dreyfus. (1789-1899).

Histoire de la littérature française, GF Flammarion, 1996 :  

-M. Delon, R. Mauzi et S. Menant, De l’Encyclopédie aux Méditations (Pt. I et II);
-M. Milner et C. Pichois, De Chateaubriand à Baudelaire (Pt. I et II) ;
-M. Décaudin et D. Leuwers, De Zola à Apollinaire (Pt. I e II).

Darcos, Histoire de la littérature française, Hachette, 2019
Histoire de la France littéraire, Paris, PUF, 2006 (vol. 3 « Modernités. XIXe-XXe siècles », la prima parte)
D. Bergez, Précis de littérature française, Paris, A. Colin, 2010.


  • Abraham P., Histoire littéraire de la France, Tome III de 1715 à 1789, Tome IV de 1789 à 1848, Tome V de 1948 à 1913, Paris, Messidor Les éditions sociales, 1973. 
  • M. Boucharenc, D. Martens & L. van Nuijs (dir.), Croisées de la fiction. Journalisme et littérature, Interférences littéraires, n° 7 - novembre 2011. URL: http:// 
  • B. Diaz, « Stendhal face à la presse de son temps » in M.-È. Thérenty, A. Vaillant (éds), Presses et plumes. Cit., p. 28-46. 
  • L. Gonon, « De l’influence d’un style du fait divers criminel, sur le roman au XIXe siècle », dans Interférences littéraires/Literaire interferenties, nouvelle série, n° 7, p. 63-80. 
  • M.-F. Melmoux-Montaubin, L'Ecrivain journaliste au XIXe siècle : un mutant des Lettres, Les Cahiers intempestifs, 2003. 
  • G. Pinson, « L’imaginaire médiatique. Réflexions sur les représentations du journalisme au XIXe siècle », COnTEXTES, 11 | 2012, mis en ligne le 16 mai 2012, URL :
  • G. Pinson, « L’impossible panorama : l’histoire fragmentée du journal au XIXe siècle », Études françaises, vol. 44, n° 3, 2008, p. 109-119. URL: 
  • M. Stein, Hugo journaliste. Articles et chroniques, Paris, GF Flammarion, 2014. 
  • M.-È. Thérenty, Pour une histoire littéraire de la presse au XIXe siècle, « Revue d'histoire littéraire de la France » 2003/3 Vol. 103, p.625-635. URL:
  • M.-È. Thérenty, A. Vaillant (éds), Presses et plumes. Journalisme et littérature au XIXe siècle, Paris, Nouveau Monde Éd., 2004. 
  • M.-È. Thérenty, Balzac journaliste. Articles et chroniques, Paris, GF Flammarion, 2014. 
  • M.-È. Thérenty, (dir.). George Sand journaliste, Saint-Étienne : Presses universitaires de Saint-Étienne, 2011 <>
  • A. Vaillant, Baudelaire journaliste. Articles et chroniques, Paris, GF Flammarion, 2011. 
  • A. Wrona, Zola Journaliste. Articles et chroniques, Paris, GF Flammarion, 2011. 


Exam Board

ELISA BRICCO (President)




February the 14th2023



Oral examination by interview in French.


The oral examination will verify the effective acquisition of basic knowledge of 19th century French culture and literature, the development of the periodical press in France, literary movements and major authors in relation to their practice of literary journalism. Literary text analysis skills will be tested by reading and commenting on a text chosen at random from those read and analysed in class. The interview will also focus on the candidates' readings of the full texts and will aim to assess not only whether the student has attained an adequate level of knowledge, and has acquired the ability to situate the texts in the historical and cultural period in which they were written. Expository capacity and accuracy in the use of language specific to the discipline will also be assessed.

Exam schedule

Data Ora Luogo Degree type Note
16/01/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
09/02/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
10/05/2023 10:00 GENOVA Orale Sarà possibile accedere all'iscrizione a partire da 10 giorni prima dell'esame fino a due giorni prima.
07/06/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
03/07/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
04/09/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
18/09/2023 09:00 GENOVA Orale
19/12/2023 10:00 GENOVA Orale L'iscrizione è pianificata per aprirsi da 10 gg a 3 gg prima dell'appello. Si prega gli iscritti di disiscriversi in caso cambino idea. L'aula sarà comunicata prima dell'esame.


Registration Required on aulaweb.

Students with a certified DSA, disability or other special educational needs are advised to contact the lecturer at the beginning of the course to agree on teaching and examination methods that, while respecting the teaching objectives, take into account individual learning modes and provide suitable compensatory tools.

Lesson times and rooms: Tuesday 15-17 Wednesday 15-17 Thursday 13-15 Aula Magna Polo didattico in Via delle fontane