|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||L-LIN/01|
|SECTIONING||This unit is divided into 2 sections:|
This course provides students with a foundation in the scientific study of human language and natural languages. After an introduction to the properties of human language, we will analyse the main levels of linguistic description: the phonetic and phonological level, the morphological level, the syntactic level and the semantic level. Next, we will focus on historical linguistic topics, ranging from the genealogical classification of languages to the analysis of various cases of language change.
This course will provide students with basic theoretical and methodological notions for the description and interpretation of the linguistic data and phenomena they will deal with in the course of their studies. More specifically, the first part of the course (general linguistics) aims to familiarize students with key concepts in linguistics (e.g. language, languages, linguistic sign), and to provide the conceptual and terminological means needed to study language at the various levels of linguistic analysis (phonetics and phonology, morphology, syntax, semantics). The second part of the course (historical linguistics) aims to introduce basic notions concerning language change and the genealogical and typological classification of world languages.
The course aims to provide students with the basics of general linguistics and historical linguistics and the essential tools for the synchronic and diachronic analysis of languages, as well as an introductory presentation on the origin of Indo-European and European languages. Some assumptions of typological linguistics and sociolinguistics are also briefly presented in the treatment of some case studies.
At the end of this course, the student will:
This is an introductory course: no prior knowledge of linguistics is therefore expected from students.
This course will include lectures as well as exercises on the most technical aspects of the discipline (e.g., phonetic transcription, morphological and syntactic analysis).
The first part of the course consists of an introduction to general linguistics. More specifically:
The notions of “language” and “linguistic sign”.
Phonetics and phonology (linguistic sounds): articulatory phonetics, phonetic transcription; the notions of phoneme, allophone, and minimal pair
Morphology (words and their internal structure): the notions of word, morpheme, allomorph; morphological processes of derivation and composition; morphological analysis of words
Syntax: structure of phrases and sentences, with a focus on the essential structure of the nuclear sentence and its representation through analysis into immediate constituents
The second part of the course focuses on language classification and language change. More specifically:
Synchrony vs diachrony.
Genealogical classification, focusing on the Indo-European family.
Language change, with examples from Indo-European languages.
Typological classification, focusing on morphological and syntactic typology
Additional optional texts:
Office hours: Office III.12, located at the fifth floor of Palazzo Serra, Piazza Santa Sabina 2. For updated office hours, please check the teacher's personal webpage.
CHIARA FEDRIANI (President)
FRANCESCA STRIK LIEVERS
Lessons will start during the week beginning with Monday, October 3rd, 2022. The schedule will be provided in due time.
Written test. The exam will include:
1)Exercises (phonetics, phonology, morphology, syntax) (in October and November, space is dedicated to these exercises; there will also be a mock test at the end of the course that will further clarify the structure of the test, the assessment criteria and the marks assigned to each exercise and question
2) A classification exercise on the languages of Europe
3) Open questions to verify knowledge of the general and historical linguistic topics addressed during classes and in the textbooks.
The exam assesses the level of theoretical knowledge achieved by the student, and the ability to apply it to the analysis of the linguistic data. The evaluation is based on the correct completion of the exercises and, especially as concerns open questions, on expressive clarity and mastery of the linguistic terminology.
|20/01/2023||14:00||GENOVA||Scritto||L'esame si svolgerà in Aula 15 (Albergo).|
|03/02/2023||09:00||GENOVA||Scritto||L'esame si svolgerà in Aula 15 (Albergo).|
|07/06/2023||14:00||GENOVA||Scritto||L'esame si svolgerà in aula 15 (Albergo.)|
|05/07/2023||10:00||GENOVA||Scritto||L'esame si svolgerà in Aula 15 (Albergo).|
|08/09/2023||10:00||GENOVA||Scritto||L'esame si svolgerà in aula 15 (Albergo).|
|22/09/2023||14:00||GENOVA||Scritto||L'esame si svolgerà in Aula Magna al Polo.|
Students with certified special educational needs are advised to contact the lecturer at the beginning of the course.