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BIOMECHANICS AND BIOENGINEERING

CODE 57753
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 2 cfu during the 1st year of 8747 SCIENZE E TECN. ATTIVITA' MOTORIA PREV. E ADATTATA(LM-67) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR ING-INF/06
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    MODULES This unit is a module of:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The course is designed to provide an introduction to biomechanics  with emphasis on understanding whole body movements. These concepts are meant to provide the basis of understanding the biomechanics of physical activity. Applications of these concepts in fields such as athletic training, physical therapy, sports science, and human factors will be discussed. A specific focus will be maintained on the specific movement patterns related to different stages of life (infants, adults, elderly)

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Upon completion of the course, it is expected that students should be able to:

    • Identify the fundamental mechanical principles involved in human movement
    • Apply biomechanical principles to improve performance and/or reduce injury
    • Apply biomechanical principles to understand movement patterns that characterize different stages of life.
    • Know the instrument available to evaluate kinetic and kinematic performance
    • Perform basic 2D biomechanical analysis of different human movements from video
    • Summarize and interpret findings from articles published in biomechanics journals

     

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    By the end of the course the student should be able to:

    • Apply the basic principle of mechanics to the human movement
    • Apply the biomechanics principle to improve performance and/or reduce injuries
    • Describe movement patterns through the life span
    • Use the available instruments to measure kinematic and kinetic performance
    • Execute a 2D biomechanical analysis from video sequences
    • Define a research/rehabilitation protocol exploiting the instrumentation for movement analysys

    TEACHING METHODS

    Frontal classes and activities in the movement analysis lab

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    Reminders on kinematic 

    Reminders on kinetic 

    Instrumentation for measuring kinetic and kinematic performance

    Stereophotogrammetry: calibration, acquisition, and reconstruction. Errors: instrumental, anatomical landmarks mislocation, and soft tissue artifact. Experimental protocols.

    Electromyography: physiology of the signal, recording and acquiring, analyzing and interpreting.

    Force Platform: force transducers, processing force platform signals, center of pressure, combining force platform data.

    Inertial Sensors: accelerometer, gyroscope, magnetometer, calibration, IMU.

    Experimental activity in a movement analysis lab.

    Analysis movements, force and posture (equilibrium) and their  neural control (muscle activities etc) at different stages of life and during different sport activities/exercises.

    Introduction to the personal project

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Materials and  readings will be distributed via the course website.

    Additional readings:

    1. Giovanni Legnani e Giacomo Palmieri. "Fondamenti di Meccanica e Biomeccanica del Movimento",2016. Città Studi Edizioni.
    2. Boccardi, Cinesiologia , società editrice Univers
    3. Cappello, A. Cappozzo, P. di Prampero, “Bioingegneria della postura e del movimento”, Patron Editore
    4. McGinnis, P. (2013). Biomechanics of Sport and Exercise With Web Resource and MaxTRAQ 2D Software Access (3rd ed.). Champaign, P.Grimshaw, A. Lees, N. Fowler, A. Burde, “Sport and Exercise Biomechanics”, Taylor & Francis
    5. Hall, S. (2012). Basic Biomechanics (6th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.
    6. Hamill, J., & Knutzen, K. (2008). Biomechanical Basis of Human Movement (3rd ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
    7. Knudson, D. (2007). Fundamentals of Biomechanics (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Springer.
    8. Nordin, M., & Frankel, V. (2012). Basic Biomechanics of the Musculoskeletal System (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.
    9. Ozkaya, N., Nordin, M., Goldsheyder, D., & Leger, D. Fundamentals of Biomechanics: Equilibrium, motion, and deformation (3rd ed). New York, NY: Springer

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    LESSONS

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The final exam will consist in a oral exam where the student will present her/his research project previously defined with the teacher during the lessons

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The oral exam will focus mainly on the topics covered during the lectures and will aim to evaluate not only if the student has reached an adequate level of knowledge, but has acquired the ability to critically analyze problems related to biomechanics and motion analysis that will be placed during the examination.

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    13/06/2023 14:30 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    11/07/2023 14:30 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    28/07/2023 14:30 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    12/09/2023 14:30 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    09/01/2024 14:30 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    30/01/2024 14:30 GENOVA Scritto + Orale
    20/02/2024 14:30 GENOVA Scritto + Orale