Salta al contenuto principale della pagina

ELEMENTS OF HYDROLOGY AND APPLIED METEOROLOGY

CODE 61673
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 4 cfu during the 3nd year of 8763 SCIENZE GEOLOGICHE (L-34) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR GEO/12
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    PREREQUISITES
    Prerequisites
    You can take the exam for this unit if you passed the following exam(s):
    • Earth Sciences 8763 (coorte 2020/2021)
    • EEXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS 25934
    • EXPERIMENTAL PHYSICS WITH APPLICATIONS TO EARTH PHYSICS 38654
    • PHISICAL GEOGTRAPHY AND CARTOGRAPHY 52415
    • MINERALOGY 57251
    • PALEONTOLOGY 64866
    • GEOMORPHOLOGY 65682
    • GEOLOGY 1 72871
    • ENGLISH 72877
    • GENERAL AND INORGANIC CHEMISTRY WITH LABORATORY 87055
    • ELEMENTS OF MATHEMATIC 95338
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    Hydrology and meteorology represent two very important aspects in the Applied Geological Sciences. In particular, the proper assessment of the hydrological risk of a territory requires an adequate knowledge of the main processes occurring both in the atmosphere and within a hydrological basin and measuring techniques useful for monitoring the area in terms of precipitation and outflow.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    Objectives of the training: to acquire the basics of meteorology, hydrology and technical hydrology with particular regard to the study of atmospheric circulation and meteorological phenomena, the measurement of precipitation, the statistical analysis of rainfall variables, the morphometric characterization of the basin and the study of the basin's hydrological balance equation, level and flow rate measurements and flood propagation.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The course focuses on the following aspects:
    • knowledge of the main phenomena occurring in the atmosphere with particular regard to the formation of precipitation
    • knowledge of the main measurement techniques for the assessment and monitoring of precipitation
    • definition of the main characteristics of a hydrological basin
    • knowledge of the main processes occurring within the basin during the transformation of the outlet into the outflow
    • knowledge of the main techniques for correct assessment of hydraulic risk

    At the end of the course the student will have to know the main theoretical aspects related to meteorology and hydrology, to be able to describe at a theoretical level the main phenomena affecting the water cycle and to know the most suitable methods and instruments to be used in the analysis

    TEACHING METHODS

    Lectures of the first semester will be carried out in classroom, if possible. However, online streaming and video recording (synchronous or asynchronous) will be guaranteed. Likewise, practical activities will take place in laboratory, with multiple shifts if necessary. All classroom and laboratory activities will be carried out in compliance with the capacity limits of the classrooms / laboratories and the distance required by current legislation following the emergency COVID19.

    Please refer to AulaWeb for further informations about the measures for the prevention and management of the epidemiological emergency caused by Covid-19

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    • The atmosphere (composition, thermal balance, radiation measurement, vertical temperature distribution, air circulation)
    • Precipitation (formation, classification, measurement,  extreme events)
    • Hydrographic basin (identification, classification, morphometric characteristics, coefficients of form, time of overflow, description of river geomorphology)
    • Hydrologic Balance (inflow, basin loss, surface outflow, evaporation, evaporimeters, evapotranspiration, methods of measurement evapotranspiration, interception, infiltration: theoretical models and measurement methods)
    • Surface outflows (flow and flow measurements, hydrometers and hydrometrographs, speed measurements in watercourses, flow rate calculations, flow rates, baseline analysis of hydrometric observations, analysis of the hydrographic program and full hydrography, Flow rate)
    • The Propagation of overflow (translation and lamination, mathematical models: De Saint Venant equation)

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Notes distributed throughout the course

    “Idrologia: il ciclo dell’acqua e i suoi effetti” di Mauro Greppi (Ed: Hoepli)
    “Idrologia Tecnica” di Ugo Moisello (Ed: La Goliardica Pavese s.r.l.)

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    GABRIELE FERRETTI (President)

    SIMONE BARANI

    DANIELE SPALLAROSSA (President Substitute)

    MARCO CAPELLO (Substitute)

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    October

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    oral examination (Oral interview)

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The oral exam will verify the level of knowledge of the topics covered during the course through open questions. The assessment will be carried out on the basis of the knowledge gained, the quality of the exposure, the correct use of the specialized lexicon and the critical reasoning capacity

    Please refer to AulaWeb for further informations about the measures for the prevention and management of the epidemiological emergency caused by Covid-19
     

    Exam schedule

    Date Time Location Type Notes
    23/01/2023 14:00 GENOVA Orale
    13/02/2023 14:00 GENOVA Orale
    19/06/2023 14:00 GENOVA Orale
    10/07/2023 14:00 GENOVA Orale
    04/09/2023 14:00 GENOVA Orale
    18/09/2023 14:00 GENOVA Orale

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    Optional attendance