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FUNDAMENTALS OF ARCHITECTURAL RESTORATION

CODE 65833
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 6 cfu during the 3nd year of 8694 SCIENZE DELL'ARCHITETTURA (L-17) - GENOVA
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR ICAR/19
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    SECTIONING This unit is divided into 2 sections:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The following main topics will be investigated in the teaching:

    • the theoretical and methodological foundations, of a historical, philosophical, scientific and technical nature, of the disciplines of conservation and restoration of the architectural, archaeological and landscape heritage;
    • with constant reference to the methods and techniques of non-destructive analysis and diagnosis of architecture, especially of ancient formation, but not exclusively;
    • the phases of design and intervention on site on historical artifacts of interest and cultural value;
    • examples of ancient, recent and contemporary interventions in Italy, Europe and in the world
    • the national and international regulatory references for the protection, conservation and restoration of the existing architectural, urban and landscape heritage.

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The course proposes an itinerary around the idea of ​​conservation / restoration which has as its final goal a mature and well-founded critical reflection on the themes of responsibility, respect, the specificity of the architectural heritage of cultural interest and the sustainability of its restoration. Fundamental themes of the culture of conservation and restoration will be addressed, declined in a broad sense, because they cannot be perceived as the prerogative of a small circle of lovers of the subject, but must be declined in such a way as to be closely linked to the reflection that everyone is held to develop towards the society in which he lives and which he will contribute, with his work, study and planning, to modify in various ways, so that these are culturally founded, acceptable and sustainable in a broad sense. The purpose of the course is aimed at a critical study of some issues related to the fundamental question of "why is it preserved / restored" in the contemporary world.

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    The course aims to provide students with the basic knowledge and skills of the disciplines of conservation and restoration, together with the ability to understand them, re-elaborate them in critical ways and use them a support of future intentions and design choices.

    PREREQUISITES

    Any basic knowledge of a general historical nature and, in particular, of the history of architecture and art constitutes an essential starting point for understanding the specific contents of the teaching. Basic concepts of philosophy and knowledge of materials, construction techniques and the degradation processes of existing building components and structures, ancient and modern structural concepts, methods of reading and analyzing existing architectures in general are also useful.

    TEACHING METHODS

    The course includes lectures of a frontal nature, also with seminars by external experts, collective discussions between teacher and students and makes use of audiovisual aids regularly made available on Aula Web.

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    In summary, the course investigates the following main themes (not exclusively in chronological succession):

    • the origins and legitimacy of the Restoration discipline;
    • the relationships of the Renaissance period with the architecture of the Middle Ages and classical Antiquity;
    • relations with pre-existing factories, between the Baroque period and the eighteenth century;
    • the birth and development of the discipline of "modernly understood" restoration in the nineteenth century, through the thought and work of some protagonists (EE Viollet Le Duc, J. Ruskin, W. Morris, C. Boito, L. Beltrami, A. D'Andrade, A. Rubbiani, ...);
    • the protagonists of the restoration in the early twentieth century (A. Riegl, G. Giovannoni, R. Pane, R. Bonelli, C. Brandi, G. De Angelis D’Ossat ...), subsequent developments and the more recent debate;
    • the relationships between Restoration, History and historiography (the many possible "Stories", general and specific, of ideas and material culture, the concepts of time and duration, of ancient, modern and contemporary);
    • relations with the arts and expressive disciplines;
    • relations with "Philosophy" and Aesthetics, the role of the subject, the relationship with "reality" and "beauty";
    • relations with natural, physical, mathematical and construction sciences;
    • relations with "Technique" and with the art of building;
    • the concept of “Heritage” (architectural, historical, cultural, material, immaterial, etc.) and its change over time (from the Monument to the historic center, to the cultural landscape);
    • Institutions, national and international, rules, documents and policies of protection, conservation and restoration; • the areas, times and purposes of the action (project, process, planning, management);
    • relations with architectural, urban and territorial planning;
    • introduction to the techniques of non-destructive analysis and diagnosis of existing buildings;
    • contemporary restoration projects and interventions in Italy and in the world.
    •  

    From the lessons will emerge words, concepts that the student must demonstrate to know and use correctly, respecting their historically determined nature (authentic, original, original, truth-true, likely, false, identity, completeness, completeness, fragment, decorum, cleanliness, readability , stability, functionality, usability, reusability, reversibility, compatibility, ...). The student must also know the fundamental elements of the biographies of the authors cited, their main written works and the examples of ancient and recent restorations attributable to them and illustrated in the course. The materials used to support the lessons will be included in the web classroom together with some of the texts indicated in the bibliography.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    The main bibliographic sources are in Italian and so we make directly reference to the Italian text of the Teaching record.

    Substitutive or integrative bibliographic references in other languages and manly in English, will be in any case provided for foreign students.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    STEFANO FRANCESCO MUSSO (President)

    SIMONETTA ACACIA

    LUCINA NAPOLEONE

    LESSONS

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The final exam consists of an interview developed starting from a restoration project and intervention, chosen by the candidate not necessarily among those treated during the lessons. The second question will concern the figure, the thought and the theoretical and practical work (texts and projects) of a protagonist in the history of restoration, among those addressed during the intervention lessons. The third question will follow the development of the interview.

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The assesment of the acquired knoledges and competences will be purued through intermediate inquiries among the participants students, through specific interactive software platforms, and mainly through the final exam.