|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||CHIM/07|
|MODULES||This unit is a module of:|
The Chemistry course is a basic course on the fundamentals of Chemistry for Engineering, with elements of Inorganic Chemistry and organic chemistry. The course provides an overview of the magnitudes and language used in solving chemical problems and includes the presentation of the main areas of study of Chemistry for polytechnic schools.
The aim of the class is to deliver the basic scientific knowledge to interpret the chemical and physico-chemical phenomena and to describe the fundamental aspects and the nature of the main technological and industrial chemical processes.
Attendance and active participation in the proposed training activities and individual study will allow the student to:
- solve numerical exercises on the balancing and stoichiometry of chemical reactions.
- Analyze the elementary chemical properties of liquids, gases and solutions.
- Understand the structure of ionic, covalent, metallic and molecular solids.
- Solving thermodynamics, equilibrium and kinetic exercises related to chemical and electrochemical systems.
- Know the basic fundamentals of organic chemistry and nuclear chemistry.
- Describe the main pollution phenomena
For a successful learning, basic knowledge of mathematics and physics is required, but no formal prerequisites are required.
The course includes lectures in the classroom. Lectures include the presentation of theoretical content and numerical exercises aimed at encouraging the learning and discussion of specific examples of chemical phenomena
Atomic structure of the matter: atomic models, quantum numbers, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, Pauli exclusion principle.
Nuclear energy and radioactivity: Radioactive emissions, half-life.
Atomic bonds: covalent, ionic, metallic bond, hydrogen bond, weak bonds.
Inorganic nomenclature: Oxides, anhydrides, hydroxides, acids, Salts.
Introduction to organic chemistry: nomenclature, polymers.
Stoichiometry of the chemical reactions, concentration of the solutions, quantitative exercises.
The gas laws: Boyle’s, Charles’s, Gay-Lussac’s and Avogadro’s laws, ideal and real gas law, the volume of gases in the chemical reactions.
Fundamentals of Thermodynamics: 1° and 2° principle of Thermodynamics, Enthalpy, Entropy, free Energy.
Chemical equilibriums: the equilibrium constant, relation between free energy and equilibrium.
Heterogeneous equilibrium: state diagrams.
Chemical kinetic: reaction order, Arrhenius’s law.
The solutions: pH and the hydrolysis.
Electrochemical systems: batteries, fuel cells, electrolysis.
Water, Air and Soil Pollution.
The notes taken during the lessons and the material in the aulaweb are sufficient for the preparation of the exam, but the following book is suggested as supporting and in-depth text.
- M. Panizza, Chimica per Ingegneria (Teoria ed esercizi)
On the aulaweb site of the course there are examples of final tests proposed in previous years with the related solutions
DAVIDE CLEMATIS (President)
MARIA PAOLA CARPANESE
MATTEO CIALONE (President Substitute)
MARCO PANIZZA (President Substitute)
MARCO RAVERI (President Substitute)
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.
The exam consists of a written test that includes both exercises and theoretical questions with optional oral (the student who has passed the written test with a grade greater than or equal to 18/30 can decide whether to take an oral exam on the established days or accept the written test score).
The written test can be repeated, but in this case the vote of the last written is valid.
To access the oral exam students must have passed the written test with a minimum grade of 16/30 and the grade obtained in this form will be the average between written and oral exam.
Three exam sessions will be available for the 'winter' session (January, February and during the teaching break provided by the Scuola Politenica at Easter) and 3 calls for the 'summer' session (June, July, September and during the autumn break provided by the Polytechnic School). No extraordinary appeals will be granted outside the periods indicated by the Polytechnic School, except for students who have not included in the study plan training activities in the current academic year.
The results of the exams will be published on the aulaweb website of the course.
The exam tests with the student will allow:
evaluate the knowledge of the atomic structure;
verify the understanding of the mechanisms of strong and weak chemical bond formation;
evaluate understanding of the structure of solids, liquids and understanding of the gas state equations;
evaluate the ability to identify the relationships between electrical, magnetic and mechanical structure and properties;
to evaluate the knowledge of the main thermodynamic and kinetic quantities involved in the transformation of matter and the conditions of the chemical equilibrium;
verify the ability in the quantitative evaluation of gaseous equilibriums, in aqueous solutions and in electrochemical systems;
discuss all the proposed activities with a scientific method and appropriate language.
Working students and students with SLD, disability or other special educational needs certification are advised to contact the teacher at the beginning of the course to agree on teaching and examination methods that, in compliance with the teaching objectives, take into account individual learning modalities