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CODE 62336
ACADEMIC YEAR 2023/2024
CREDITS
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR L-LIN/01
TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
SEMESTER 1° Semester
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

This course introduces students to figurative language. The discussion of the main types of figures of the content plane (metaphors, metonymies, etc.) and of the expression plane (rhyme, sound, etc.) from a theoretical linguistic perspective is followed by a reflection on their treatment in applicative fields such as translation and advertisement.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

This course aims to provide students with an overview of classical and more recent linguistic studies on figurative language, and to investigate some applicative issues, with a special attention for translation.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

At the end of this course, the student will:

  • Known the main classical and more recent linguistic approaches to metaphors and other figures
  • Master the scientific terminology 
  • Be able to independently investigate a topic of interest

 

PREREQUISITES

Basic knowledge of general linguistics.

Those without knowledge of general linguistics can refer to textbooks such as, among others:

  • Berruto, G. e Cerruti, M. (2017). La linguistica. Un corso introduttivo. Torino: UTET.
  • Strik Lievers, F. (2020). La linguistica e le lingue. Roma: Carocci

TEACHING METHODS

This course consists in lectures, in which students will be invited to actively participate (for instance by analyzing data and texts). Each student will also choose a topic that will be the object of oral presentation and discussion.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

After an introduction to figurative language and an overview of figures of expression (rhythm, sound, etc.) and figures of content (metaphor, metonymy, oxymoron, etc.), we will focus on the latter, and especially on metaphors, which are not only common in literary texts, but are widespread in many other textual genres, as well as in our everyday language. Specific attention will be devoted to the theoretical and practical issues involved in the translation of metaphors. Moreover, we will investigate the role played by metaphors in fields such as advertising, politics, education, as well as in specialized language. The last part of the course is dedicated to the individual research conducted by the students (to be agreed with the lecturer). 

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

1) Prandi, M. & De Santis, C. (2019). La valorizzazione estetica della lingua: le figure. In M. Prandi & C. De Santis, Manuale di linguistica e di grammatica italiana, Torino: UTET, pp. 443-492.

2) Approx. 50 pages (students attending classes)/ Approx. 80 pages (students not attending classes) from the following studies (or from other studies discussed in class / to be agreed with the lecturer):

Akita, K. & M. Dingemanse. 2019. Ideophones (Mimetics, Expressives). In Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics. Oxford University Press. https://pure.mpg.de/rest/items/item_3012530_5/component/file_3060417/content

Black, M. 1955. Metaphor. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 55(1). 273–294.

Cardona, G. R. 1985. Iconicità e astrazione. In G. R. Cardona (a cura di), I sei lati del mondo. Linguaggio ed esperienza, Roma-Bari, Laterza.

Deignan, A. 2008. Corpus linguistics and metaphor. In R.W.Jr. Gibbs (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought, 280–294. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Ervas, F. & Gola, E. 2016. Che cos’è una metafora, Roma: Carocci.

Forceville, C. 2008. Metaphor in pictures and multimodal representations. In R.W.Jr. Gibbs (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought, 462–482. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Kövecses, Z. 2016. Conceptual metaphor theory. In E. Semino & Z. Demjén (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Metaphor and Language, 31–45. New York: Routledge.

Lakoff, G. & M. Johnson. 2003. Metaphors we Live by. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Miller, D.R. & E. Monti (eds.). 2014. Tradurre Figure / Translating Figurative Language. Bologna: Centro di Studi Linguistico-Culturali (CeSLiC). http://amsacta.unibo.it/4030/1/TradurreFigure_Volume_MillerMonti2014.pdf

Musolff, A. 2016. Metaphor and persuasion in politics. In E. Semino & Z. Demjén (eds.), The Routledge Handbook of Metaphor and Language, 309–322. New York: Routledge.

Pragglejaz Group. 2007. MIP: A method for identifying metaphorically used words in discourse. Metaphor and Symbol22(1). 1–39.

Prandi, M. 2010. Typology of Metaphors: Implications for Translation. Mutatis Mutandis. Revista Latinoamericana de Traducción 3(2). 304–332.

Prandi, M. (2021). Le metafore tra le figure: una mappa ragionata. Torino: UTET. 

Rossi, M. 2016. Pour une typologie des avatars métaphoriques dans les terminologies spécialisées. Langue française189(1). 87.

Sapir, E. 1929. A study in phonetic symbolism. Journal of Experimental Psychology 12(3). 225–239.

Semino, E. & G. Steen. 2008. Metaphor in literature. In R.W.Jr. Gibbs (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought, 232–246. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Shen, Y. 2008. Metaphor and poetic figures. In R.W.Jr. Gibbs (ed.), The Cambridge Handbook of Metaphor and Thought, 295–308. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Strik Lievers, F. 2017. Figures and the senses: Towards a definition of synaesthesia. Review of Cognitive Linguistics15(1). 83–101.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

FRANCESCA STRIK LIEVERS (President)

IRENE DE FELICE

LESSONS

LESSONS START

Lessons will start on Octorber 16th, 2023, with the following schedule:

- Mondays 13-15 Aula Koch (p.zza Santa Sabina 2, quinto piano)

Class schedule

APPLIED LINGUISTICS

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

Oral exam, which includes:

  1. Discussion of the topic that has been the object of the student’s independent investigation (readings from those listed in the reading list, or to be agreed on with the lecturer). Students who attended classes may replace this part with a presentation given in class, or with a brief discussion of a written essay (to be sent to the lecturer two weeks before the exam at the latest). Students who did not attend classes should contact the lecturer well in advance of the date of the exam, to agree on the topic to be investigated.
  2. Questions on the other topics that have been discussed in class or in the course’s readings.

ASSESSMENT METHODS

The exam assesses the level of theoretical knowledge achieved by the student, and the ability to discuss in a critical way both the classes’ topics and the topic of the individual research.

The evaluation also takes into account the student’s communicative abilities, and in particular his or her expressive clarity and mastery of the specialised terminology.

Exam schedule

Data Ora Luogo Degree type Note
24/01/2024 11:30 GENOVA Orale Aula 15 AdP
09/02/2024 11:30 GENOVA Orale Aula Magna Polo didattico
08/04/2024 14:30 GENOVA Orale Aula A Polo didattico. Attenzione: possono iscriversi a questo appello esclusivamente gli studenti del secondo anno
13/06/2024 12:00 GENOVA Orale Aula 15 Albergo dei Poveri
05/07/2024 12:00 GENOVA Orale Aula 15 Albergo dei Poveri
05/09/2024 12:00 GENOVA Orale Aula 15 Albergo dei Poveri
25/09/2024 12:00 GENOVA Orale Aula 15 Albergo dei Poveri

FURTHER INFORMATION

Students with certified special educational needs are advised to contact the lecturer at the beginning of the course