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CODE 72377
ACADEMIC YEAR 2023/2024
CREDITS
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR ING-IND/08
LANGUAGE Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
  • LA SPEZIA
SEMESTER 2° Semester
PREREQUISITES
Propedeuticità in ingresso
Per sostenere l'esame di questo insegnamento è necessario aver sostenuto i seguenti esami:
  • Pleasure Craft Engineering 8721 (coorte 2022/2023)
  • GENERAL PHYSICS 56987 2022
  • INGEGNERIA E DESIGN PER LA NAUTICA 10134 (coorte 2022/2023)
  • GENERAL PHYSICS 56987 2022
MODULES Questo insegnamento è un modulo di:
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

The course deals with the most relevant topics relating to the main fluid machines with particular reference to those applied to naval propulsion sector

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Provide the knowledge for knowledge and understanding of the driving machines operating principles and operators and related facilities , and the types used on board. Provide the selection criteria and proper installation of the machines , illustrating the functional aspects of the regulation .

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The aim of the course is to provide an adequate and critical knowledge on the main fluid machines with particular reference to those applied to maritime transport sector, taking into account turbines, compressors and pumps, internal combustion engines with special reference to energy-related and environmental issues.

The student attendance during the lessons and related study activities will allow:

- to identify the main features of the internal combustion engines used in the different application areas;

- to know the main features related to environmental impact of internal combustion engines;

- to identify the main features of the internal combustion engines used in the different application areas.

TEACHING METHODS

Lectures on the different items presented in the course programme and exercises on specific arguments developed within the course.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Lectures

  • General remarks on fluid machines – Primary energy sources and their transformations – Power plants and relevant application areas – Energy equation and expression of work in closed and open systems - Fluid machines classification - Work exchange in volumetric machines and turbomachines - Euler’s equation  - Conversion efficiency in fluid machines - Thermodynamic cycles - Thermal power plants overall efficiency - Specific fuel consumption.
  • Internal Combustion Engines (ICE) – ICE classification, engine components, nomenclature, operational parameters – Ideal and real operation of 2 and 4 stroke engines – Reference thermodynamic cycles for SI and diesel engines – Combustion processes in ICE – Indicated diagrams, indicated and brake mean effective pressure, engine power correlations –  Engine part load operation – Constant speed and constant load curves, engine performance maps – Supercharging and turbocharging – ICE pollutant emissions – Emission control systems and aftertreatment devices.
  • Compressors and pumps – Positive displacement and dynamic compressors – Compressor insertion in a circuit – Characteristic curves - Positive displacement and dynamic pumps – Pumps operative problems: operating point and flow regulation, series and parallel operation, pump priming, surge and cavitation.
  • Alternative fuels  – Natural Gas and Hydrogen: problems, energy-related, operating and economic issues, effect on exhaust emissions.

Practice

  • Calculation of energy systems, compressors, pumps and internal combustion engines operating parameters.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

Lesson notes and classroom material (which can be downloaded in aulaweb) are sufficient for the exam preparation.

  • S. Marelli: “Macchine 1” – Notes to the course (in Italian).
  • S.L.Dixon - Fluid Mechanics Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery - Pergamon Press, 2005.
  • C.R. Ferguson, A.T. Kirkpatrick - Internal Combustion Engines - Wiley, 2001.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

SILVIA MARELLI (President)

VITTORIO USAI

FRANCESCO DEVIA (President Substitute)

LESSONS

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

Oral exam focusing on specific arguments developed within the course.

ASSESSMENT METHODS

Oral exam on the main subjects of the lessons. The oral examination will be focused on the topics treated during the lessons and will be aimed at evaluating not only the fulfilment of an adequate knowledge level, but also the acquisition of critical analysis skills on the topics of the exam.

Exam schedule

Data Ora Luogo Degree type Note
10/01/2024 10:00 LA SPEZIA Orale
07/02/2024 10:00 LA SPEZIA Orale
27/05/2024 10:00 LA SPEZIA Orale
10/07/2024 10:00 LA SPEZIA Orale
04/09/2024 10:00 LA SPEZIA Orale

FURTHER INFORMATION

Pre-requisites:

- Basic thermodynamic and fluid dynamics knowledge.