|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR||BIO/17|
Prerequisites (for future units)
The course titled "Biology II" aims to integrate the knowledge of "functional histology" and cell biology by aiming to provide students with knowledge about the organization and function of cells and human tissues with particular attention to the connection between morphology and function.
Know structure, organization and function of different human tissues and morphological-functional characteristics of cells that compose them.
The purpose of the course is to provide the student with a complete view of the morphological and functional organization of tissues, with particular attention to the cells that compose them.
To this aim, basic and advanced methods for analyzing the organization of human tissues and how this organization is instrumental in ensuring full homeostatic tissue function are discussed.
The course thus aims at:
1. provide basic concepts on morphology, cellular and molecular organization of human tissues;
2. discuss in depth the cellular and molecular characteristics of the different stem cell populations in the various tissues;
3. describe the functional properties of the various tissues and cells that compose them, focusing on physiopathological aspects as well;
4. observe and appropriately describe a histological structure in optical microscopy.
During the last lessons of the course, students are given some knowledge assessment tests to which students respond individually and anonymously. Immediately after each test, feedback is provided by the teacher, who immediately shows the correct answers. A moment of discussion of the topics that emerged in the tests follows, with the possibility for the teacher to clarify any doubts.
The expected learning outcomes are:
1. Knowledge and understanding.
a. Knowledge of the terminology of the discipline
b. Knowledge of investigation methods in cytology and histology
c. Knowledge of the subcellular, cellular and tissue structures of the human body
d. Knowledge of the mechanisms through which the organization of the different structures of the human body is achieved
e. Understanding of the morpho-functional characteristics of the microscopic and ultrastructural organization of human cells and supracellular units, represented by tissues, multi-tissue units and morphofunctional units.
2. Ability to apply knowledge and understanding.
a. Knowing how to recognize and describe in an appropriate way a histological structure in optical microscopy, starting from its cellular organization.
b. Integrate knowledge relating to the mechanisms of cell differentiation, interactions between cells and histogenesis with related functional and clinical aspects.
3. Transversal skills.
The acquired knowledge is essential cultural background for a full understanding of the anatomy, physiology and pathophysiology of the organs and systems of the human body
General knowledge of chemistry, biology and genetics
Class teaching and practical laboratory for the recognition of histological preparations
It is possible that the method of conducting the lessons is changed due to emergency situations that prevent the performance of the lessons in attendance. In this case the lessons will be carried out through the Teams platform using suitable replacement teaching tools. For the practical part, high resolution slide images and / or virtual microscope will be used.
The main steps in eukaryotic cell evolution
The plasma membrane:
Structure and functions
Endocytosis and esocytosis
Rough-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (RER)
Smooth-surfaced endoplasmic reticulum (REL)
Cell motility and intracellular transport
Cell junctional comlexes
Cell cycle and mitosis
Main characteristics of epithelia
Lining epithelia: organization and classification
Structural surface differentiations of epithelial cells (microvilli, stereocilia, cilia)
• exocrine glands
• endocrine glands
• ground substance
Cell components of connective tissue
Connective tissue proper
Support connective tissue: cartilage and bone tissue
Trophic connective tissue: blood and lymph
Cells of the innate and adaptive immune system
Myofibril structure and muscle contraction
Istologia di Monesi 7° edizione Casa Editrice Piccin
Citologia, Istologia e Anatomia Microscopica a cura di D. Zaccheo e M. Pestarino Casa Editrice Pearson
Atlante on-line (accesso libero): http://www.istologia.unige.it/
Istologia (testo e atlante) di M.H. Ross e W. Pawlina Casa Editrice Ambrosiana
Office hours: Student reception by appointment, contact the teacher via e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Office hours: Student reception by appointment, contact the teacher via e-mail: email@example.com
Lessons will take place in the first semester of the relevant academic year
All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.
Practical test and oral examination
In case of certification of specific learning disability, disability or other special educational needs, the University legislation and regulations on disability and SLD are applied (https://unige.it/disabilita-dsa/studenti-disabilit%C3% A0-normative).
See also the "Other information" section of this syllabus.
It is possible that emergency situations prevent the exam from being carried out in person. In this case, the methods of conducting the exam may be subject to changes with the possible inclusion of a written test. The Teams platform and / or the aulaweb portal will be used.
The examamination includes two tests.
The first consists of a practical test where the student must describe two histological preparations by the use of optical microscope.
The second test, performing only upon the positive evaluation of the first test, consists of an oral examination that is subordinated to passing the practical test and which includes cytology questions and histology questions concerning the teaching content.
In this case, the methods of conducting the exam may be subject to changes with the possible inclusion of a written test. The Teams platform and / or the aulaweb portal will be used.
In case of certification of specific learning disability, disability or other special educational needs, please contact both the Department contact person, Prof. Nicola Girtler, and the lecturer at the beginning of the lectures to agree on teaching and exam methods which, in compliance of the teaching objectives, take into account individual learning methods and provide suitable compensatory/dispensatory tools recognized by the University SLD Student Service.