|SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR
concepts of algorithm, data type (values + operations), implementation, techniques for evaluating the complexity of an implementation;
basic principles of object oriented programming;
Java and Python languages with practical exercises.
AIMS AND CONTENT
Introduction to: data types; algorithms, data structures and complexity evaluation; object-oriented programming with the Java language as an example; implementation of data types in Java.
AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES
A data type (consisting of stored values and operations acting on them) is the ideal counterpart of a software module. The process leading from a data type to a software module includes the definition of data structures (to store data in memory) and algorithms (to perform the operations).
An algorithm is the stepwise description of a procedure producing an output from an input. The same input-to-output transformation can be achieved through different algorithms.
In order to choose among the possible alternatives, it is recommented to evaluate their computational complexity (memory and execution time) with suitable techniques. The final step consists of writing code in a programming language.
After attending, the student will be able to evaluate the complexity of simple data structures and algorithms.
He/she will know some classic algorithms and some classic data types and will be able to implement them.
He/she will know the object oriented programming paradigm and the main parts of the Java and Python programming languages.
He/she will be able to write structured programs in Java and simple programs in Python.
Knowledge of the basic concepts of an imperative programming language: instruction, variable, cycle, function, argument, result, typing of variables.
Knowledge of the basic concepts of mathematics and logics: operation, argument, result, domain, codomain, logical operators.
Coordinated lessons in classroom and in laboratory. About half of the teaching time will be in laboratory.
Assignments (in Java and in Python) will be part of the exam (see exam and assessment methods).
Concepts of data type, algorithm, implementation.
Introduction to space and time complexity, and evaluation techniques (for iterative and recursive algorithms).
Some classic data types: stack, queue, dictionary.
Some algorithms for classic problems: sorting and/or operations on graphs.
Object-oriented programming paradigm and Java language: Classes and objects, equality and copy of objects, constructors, clientship, inheritance, overriding, exceptions.
The Python language: Interactive environment, dynamic typing, container types (list, tuple, dictionary) and operations, functions, classes, inheritance, exceptions.
Practical exercises in the two languages.
Course notes available on aulaweb (in Italian).
On-line manual and tutorials (in English).
Books in English:
M.T.Goodrich, R.Tamassia, M.H.Goldwasser, Data structures and algorithms in Java, John Wiley & Sons. (2014)
C.Horstmann, R.D.Necaise, Python for everyone, John Wiley & Sons.(2018)
TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD
PAOLA MAGILLO (President)
ELENA ZUCCA SCHILLANI (President Substitute)
The class will start according to the academic calendar.
L'orario di tutti gli insegnamenti è consultabile all'indirizzo EasyAcademy.
The exam consists of: assignments to be developed during the teaching period, and an oral part.
The assignments remain valid for the entire academic year, from January to September (included).
During the semester, two assignments will be given, one in Java and one in Python.
Such assignments are to be developed in groups of two students and will require to deliver code and documentation.
The correctness and the quality of both code and documentation will be evaluated.
The deadline for such assigments is the end of the semester.
A brief and informal discussion (possibly on-line) will follow, in which the two group members will be asked to illustrate the main points of their work.
The oral exam will ask questions about the teaching program, and may involve writing examples in code or pseudocode. The student will be required to show understanding ofthe concepts and ability to use the techniques seen in the lessons
|Esame su appuntamento
It is strongly recommended to have already attended the course Programmazione 1.