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CODE 67885
ACADEMIC YEAR 2024/2025
CREDITS
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR MED/48
LANGUAGE Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
  • CHIAVARI
  • PIETRA LIGURE
  • LA SPEZIA
  • GE SAN MARTINO
SEMESTER 1° Semester
MODULES Questo insegnamento è un modulo di:
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

 The biomechanics course deals with the basic elements of the biomechanics of the tissues making up the musculoskeletal system on the effects that mechanical stresses, whether static or dynamic, have on the structures involved in movement. The same is divided into two didactic modules. 

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The online course is completed with a view of all the video sessions and the passing of the self-evaluation test, the score of which is indicative of a level of learning that the teacher will test through the exam in attendance.

After you have passed all online self-assessment tests you will receive a badge. You can see the list of badges by clicking on your name in the top right and then on the Dashboard. Badge release is not immediate as it happens through a timed procedure.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The first module deals with the meaning and relevance of biomechanics and related disciplines for the profession of physiotherapist.

The second module deals with the basic elements of soft tissue biomechanics in general and the effects of mechanical stress on said tissues.

At the end of the first module the student must be able to:

Know and understand the meaning of the discipline of biomechanics in the context of kinesiology

Know briefly the biomechanics glossary in Italian and the essential English-speaking terms

Know and understand the basic terminology of kinematics, apply the correct terminology to describe a given movement, from the osteocinematic point of view

Know and understand the basic terminology of arthrocinematics and apply the correct terminology

Know and understand, in the field of physics, the basic terminology of kinetics

At the end of the second module the student must be able to:

Know the basic elements of the biomechanics of soft tissues and articular cartilage, fibrocartilage, intervertebral disc, including the mechanical properties of the nucleus pulposus and the fibrous ring. Know the basic elements of the biomechanics of the ligaments and the capsule.

Know the basic elements of tendon and muscle biomechanics.

Understand and define, in relation to these tissues, the concepts of: torque, arm, mechanical advantage

TEACHING METHODS

The biomechanics course is delivered in person through: lectures, theoretical-practical simulations / exercises for a total of 10 hours (1 CFU)

Students with SLD, disability or other special educational needs certification are strongly encouraged to contact the teachers at the beginning of the course to agree on teaching methods which, respecting the teaching objectives, take into account individual learning methods and provide suitable compensatory instruments

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Cartilage, intervertebral disc, ligaments and tendons, elementary knowledge on the composition and structure of different tissues, how to adapt to mechanical stress.

Relations between mechanics and biomechanics, a definition of biomechanics, a definition of kinematics, the concept of the body in biomechanics.

Angle of insertion, agonist muscle, antagonist muscle, axis of rotation, axial rotation, center of gravity, flexion, maximum joint congruence (close-packed position), minimum joint congruence (loose-packed position) creep, degrees of freedom, distraction, elasticity, external force, internal force, force torque, joint reaction force, kinetic chain, arm, mechanical advantage, osteocinematics, plasticity, rotation (roll), shear force (shear), spin, strain, stress, tension, torsion, torque , viscoelasticity, translation. Types of movement, translation and rotation.

Concepts of rotation axis, degrees of freedom of a joint, kinetic chain.

The conventional "concave-convex" law, the concept of arthrokinematics, the main movements considered in arthrokinematics the corresponding international terminology.

The definition of kinetics; the concepts, borrowed from physics, of force, mass, acceleration

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

 Dvir z., Clinical Biomechanics, Churchill & Livingstone - Philadelphia 2000, Isbn 0-443-07945-5

Neumann D. A., Kinesiology of the musculoskeletal system, Mosby - 2002, Isbn 08151634975

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

LESSONS

LESSONS START

Lessons will take place in the 1st semester of the 1st year

Timetable of lessons: The timetable of all courses can be consulted on aulaweb.unige.it

Class schedule

The timetable for this course is available here: Portale EasyAcademy

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

The exam is oral. The grade will be mediated with the evaluations obtained in the other disciplines of the I.C. (Integrated Course)

Exam sessions will be available for the winter session (January - February) and for the summer session (June, July and September).

ASSESSMENT METHODS

It includes at least 2 questions asked by the teachers in charge of teaching

It will be aimed at evaluating an appropriate knowledge of the topics covered in module e

however on all those specified in the program

Students with SLD or with other regularly certified special educational needs will be able to agree with the teacher the written or oral modality, by contacting the teachers at least 10 days before the exam. They can also take advantage of 30% additional time

FURTHER INFORMATION

In the case of a student with a certified SLD, it is necessary to contact the Referent Professor of the DISABILITY and SLD Commission for DINOGMI: Prof. N. Girtler (nicolagirtler@unige.it) and, after evaluating the individual case, will send the teachers the necessary information both for the development of the lessons and the way in which the exam is carried out.

The Integrated Course is preparatory to the first year internship exam