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CODE 98498
ACADEMIC YEAR 2024/2025
CREDITS
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR M-FIL/02
LANGUAGE Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
SEMESTER 1° Semester
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

The 1st module is an introduction to the fundamental concepts of logic. The general notion of inference, the distinction between deductive and non-deductive inferences, the basic concepts of propositional logic, the formalism of predicate logic will be presented at an introductory level.

The 2nd module is an introduction to the main problems of the philosophy of science, such as scientific reasoning, scientific explanation, scientific realism, scientific change and revolutions.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The objective of the course is to introduce in a critical way the topics of reasoning and the main principles of logic, as well as the specific philosophical methods and problems coming from scientific practice.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The aims of the 1st module are:
- to introduce the fundamentals of the study of reasoning, such as, for example, the distinction between deductive and non-deductive reasoning;
- to introduce the basic conceptual and terminological apparatus of logic; 
- to introduce the fundamentals of logical formalization;
- to introduce the basic concepts of propositional logic and the language of first order predicate logic.

The aims of the 2nd module are:
- introducing the basic conceptual and terminological apparatus of the philosophy of science;
- introducing the main epistemological problems raised by the philosophy of science.

At the end of the 1st module, the students: 
- will know the technical vocabulary and the basic conceptual apparatus of logic and of the study of reasoning; 
- will know the distinction between different types of inference;
- will know the fundamentals of propositional logic;
- will know the language of first order predicate logic;
- will be able to formalize simple natural language sentences;
- will be able to analyze simple examples of common sense reasoning.

At the end of the 2nd module, the students: 
- will know the basic philosophical vocabulary of the philosophy of science;
- will be able to discuss main topics of the philosophy of science;
- will be able to apply the analytical and conceptual tools of the discipline to the discussion of basic problems regarding the various sciences.

PREREQUISITES

None, the course is introductory.

TEACHING METHODS

In person.

Students are required to register at Aulaweb, where materials useful for the course will be uploaded.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

The 1st module will introduce the following topics: Reasoning and inference; deductive and non-deductive arguments; logic as the study of deductive reasoning; propositional logic; first predicate logic: language and fundamentals; formalised and ordinary reasoning; systematic reasoning errors; pragmatics and reasoning.

The 2nd module will introduce the following basic problems of the philosophy of science: the difference between induction and deduction; the issue of demarcation; scientific explanation; scientific realism vs. anti-realism; the notions of progress, scientific change and revolutions. ​

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

1st module
D. Palladino, Manuale di logica, Carocci, introduction and chapters 1 to 4.
M. Frixione, Come ragioniamo, Laterza.

2nd module

C. Amoretti, D. Serpico, Filosofia della scienza, Roma, Carocci.

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

LESSONS

LESSONS START

September 19th, 2022

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

Oral exam concerning the content of the lessons and texts in the bibliography.

Enrollment is mandatory and must be done at least one week before the examination.

ASSESSMENT METHODS

1st module
The oral exam evaluates (also through the execution of simple exercises) the student's ability to know and apply the fundamental concepts of the discipline.

2nd module
The oral exam evaluates the student's ability to know the basic philosophical vocabulary of the philosophy of science; to discuss main topics of the philsoophy of science; and to apply the analytical and conceptual tools of the discipline to the discussion of basic problems regarding the various sciences. 

FURTHER INFORMATION

Those who cannot attend classes are required to get in touch with the teachers.

Agenda 2030 - Sustainable Development Goals

Agenda 2030 - Sustainable Development Goals
Quality education
Quality education