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CODE 68677
ACADEMIC YEAR 2024/2025
CREDITS
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR MED/05
LANGUAGE Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
SEMESTER 2° Semester
MODULES Questo insegnamento è un modulo di:
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

The Clinical Pathology 1 course aims to expose a first approach to the clinical laboratory, with particular attention to hematology, coagulation and general clinical pathology

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

Acquire in-depth knowledge of the components of the blood, the function of the marrow and the maturation processes of the different blood cell lines, with the related pathologies; acquire skills on primary and secondary haemostasis, coagulation factors, related pathologies and evaluation of haemostasis; acquisition of the basics of quality and verification

 

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

Traverso: The student have to  know a) the composition and function of blood b) the methodologies through which the biological parameters of the blood can be evaluated; c)the cellular parameters of  erythrocytes, leucocytes, and platelets; d)on the basis of an altered parameter identify which blood disease and at what may occur.

Rumbullaku: at the end of the integrated course,  the student faces and acquires notions that allow him to know the physio-pathology of the coagulation, the  first, and second level coagulation tests, the dosage methods, the accuracy, the clinical and diagnostic importance and the timeliness of the execution of the coagulation tests. He also acquires knowledge on thrombophilia, second-level laboratory assays for the study of thrombotic risk factors, genetic diagnostics in haemostasis and thrombosis.Also, the student acquires knowledge on the new direct anticoagulant drugs (DOAC), the importance of the laboratory role in the dosage of these drugs.

Visconti: the student acquires notions about the process that leads to the generation of laboratory information, the quality controls and the recognition of pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical errors competent to a laboratory medicine technician.

 

PREREQUISITES

The student must know the disciplines of the preparatory exams for this integrated course

TEACHING METHODS

Frontal lessons with the maximum possible student-teacher interaction.

Students with documented Specific Learning Disorders (SLD), or with any special needs, shall reach out to the Lecturer(s) and to the dedicated SLD Representative in the Department before class begins, in order to arrange the specific teaching methods and ensure proper achievement of the learning aims and outcomes.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Clinical Pathology I Prof. Nicola Traverso (1 CFU) description and analysis in detail:

• the cellular and non-cellular components of the blood and the genesis of the different cell lines and platelets;

• blood functions with reference to the physio-pathological conditions which alter cellular and biochemical parameters;

• methods of laboratory analysis of blood changes;

• main pathogenetic mechanisms of blood diseases such as anaemia, leukaemia in general and alterations of the plasma cell component of the bone marrow and blood.

 

Clinical Pathology I Dr. Margarita Rumbullaku (1 CFU)

A. Physiopathology of coagulation:

• Primary haemostasis (vasopiastrinal phase)

• Secondary haemostasis: vascular phase, “coagulation cascade”

• Fibrinolysis and physiological coagulation inhibitors

• Thrombophilia and thrombotic risk factors.

B. The Laboratory of Haemostasis and Thrombosis:

• Study of platelets in pathology of haemostasis

• The 1st level laboratory in coagulation

• The dosage of coagulation factors

• Laboratory diagnosis of physiological inhibitors deficiencies

• II level tests for the study of haemostasis and thrombosis

• Genetic diagnostics in haemostasis and thrombosis

C. The new direct oral anticoagulant drugs (DOAC): – Innovative tests for DOAC dosing.

 

Clinical Pathology I Dr. Valeria Visconti (1 CFU)

• Lundberg scheme: Brain to Brain loop

• Pre-analytical phase: hints on appropriateness of the request, venous withdrawal, check-in, evaluation of unsuitable samples, aliquoting and laboratory safety.

• Analytical phase: precision, repeatability and reproducibility, accuracy of the result, biological and analytical variability, reference and decision-making values, critical values, accuracy and bias, acceptable total error, analytical goals, critical difference. CLSI Guidelines for IQC and EQC Internal Controls (IQC) and external (EQC) of analytical quality.

  • Index of tissues sufferance: markers of cardiac, liver, kidney, pancreatic and muscle damage.    

• Post-analytical phase: technical validation, clinical validation, laboratory report signature, sample check-out, telemedicine.

• Example of possible errors in the pre-analytical, analytical and post-analytical phases.

 

 

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

 

Biochimica clinica e medicina di laboratorio, Autori: Marcello Ciacci, Giuseppe Lippi

 ISBN 8879599585, 9788879599580- Edises, 2017 (acquisto obbligatorio).

Dispense delle lezioni

Manuale di Ematologia, Autori: Corradini - Foa' - Boccadoro - Federici - AAVV  ISBN: 9788877118165, Editore: Minerva Medica; Malattie del Sangue e degli Organi Emolinfopoietici by Sante Tura, VI edizione 2015, DOI: 10.15651/978-88-748-8884-9 Società Editrice Esculapio

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

LESSONS

LESSONS START

I year II semester

Class schedule

CLINICAL PATHOLOGY I

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

The exam will take place orally, with questions regarding the three parts carried out by the three teachers.

The exam will take place electronically in the event of a pandemic.

During the exam, the rules regarding the assessment method of DSA certified students or students with other educational needs indicated by the university will be respected. (e.g.: additional time in the case of written exams, use of concept maps to be viewed for approval by the teachers at least one week before the exam date).

ASSESSMENT METHODS

The certification evaluation will take into consideration the completeness and depth of the preparation and the candidate's ability to critically integrate the various topics.

During the exam, the rules regarding the assessment method of DSA certified students or students with other educational needs indicated by the university will be respected. (e.g.: additional time in the case of written exams, use of concept maps to be viewed for approval by the teachers at least one week before the exam date).