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CODE 61295
Propedeuticità in ingresso
Per sostenere l'esame di questo insegnamento è necessario aver sostenuto i seguenti esami:
Propedeuticità in uscita
Questo insegnamento è propedeutico per gli insegnamenti:
  • Modern languages and cultures 8740 (coorte 2023/2024)


The course presents the notions of descriptive grammar of the Polish language aiming to provide students with a linguistic-cultural preparation of theoretical and pragmatic character that, with regard to communicative skills, reaches the A2 level. The course program includes the elements of phonetics (assimilations and alternations), nominal (case, number, gender, degree) and verbal (tense, person, manner, aspect) morphological categories, as well as some elements of syntax.



The course aims at a linguistic preparation which, in relation to communicative competence, reaches the A2 level, in order to allow the student: a) to have a more confident command of the language in a wide range of situations; b) to discuss interactively on practical matters expressing the personal point of view, their agreement or disagreement; c) to describe lived experiences and events as well as future projects, motivating the reasons succinctly; d) to produce a simple text concerning the family environment or the sphere of particular interests.


At the end of the course, the student will acquire most of the skills required by the CEFR (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages) at level A2. He/she will be able to participate and interact in conversations; he/she will be able to understand and produce short texts on various topics of everyday life (e.g., describing family and other people, living conditions, school career, work); he/she will be able to find specific and predictable information in everyday materials, such as advertisements, programs, menus, or schedules.
In addition, the student will acquire soft skills such as presentation skills, active listening, action orientation and teamwork.

From a broader perspective, the course aims to develop the following overarching goals: 1) provide quality, equitable and inclusive education and learning opportunities for all; 2) achieve gender equality and empower all women; and 3) reduce inequality within and among nations.



The course is primarily intended for students (Italian and / or foreign) of the II year of Modern Languages ​​and Cultures, who have passed the Polish Language I exam (of the first year). However, it can also be used for other students (e.g. Polish native speakers). Study regulations permitting, the course can also be included in the Study Plan as a 3rd language (free choice or other activities) of 6 CFU. Other interested students should contact the teacher to agree on a possible program adapted to their educational needs.


Theoretical Module: 30 hours of theoretical lectures (I semester) - it is provided for students who choose the course for 9 credits

Lecture: 80 hours of language exercises (40 in the first semester and 40 in the second semester) - it is provided for students who choose the course for 6 or 9 credits




The course presents the notions of descriptive grammar most useful in the study of Polish at the A2 level, there including elements of phonetics, phonology, nominal (case, number, gender, degree) and verbal (person, time, aspect, mode) morphological categories, as well as the basics of syntax.

The Lectureship program is balanced between the study of new grammatical topics and the development of lexical and communicative competence. All new grammar topics are placed in the communicative context of the lecture. Due to the use of the communicative and action-oriented approach from the beginning of the course special attention is paid to interaction in the Polish language in everyday life situations at the A2 level. In addition, course participants will be asked to make small oral presentations and regularly write various texts whose themes correspond to the syllabus.

During the lessons of the Theoretical Module, some topics of Polish descriptive grammar drawn from the Lectureship program will be addressed in detail. Specifically, we will focus on the following topics:

1) In the area of nominal inflection:

  • the comparison between the forms of nouns and adjectives at: nominative, instrumental, accusative, genitive, locative (singular and plural);
  • the comparison of simple prepositions holding: the locative, instrumental, accusative and genitive;
  • the personal pronouns al: nominative, instrumental, accusative, genitive and locative;
  • the deverbal nouns

2) In the context of verbal inflection:

  • Comparing sentences with the verbs lubić and podobać się: function and usage, translation.
  • The verbal aspect: usage, function, creation of aspect pairs.
  • The feminine and masculine paradigm of the verb mieć powinność
  • The past tense of imperfective, perfective and modal verbs
  • The future tense of imperfective, perfective and modal verbs

3) The cardinal numerals from 0 to 10 000 

4) The ordinal numerals

5) The gradation of adjectives

6) The gradation of adverbs


  • M.Foland-Kugler, Grammatica essenziale della lingua polacca, Warszawa 2006.
  • L. Gebert, La lingua polacca: storia e particolarità, In: “Quaderni del premio letterario Giuseppe Acerbi. Letteratura polacca”, Verona, Edizioni Fiorini, 2011, pp. 49-56.
  • J. Machowska, Gramatyka? Ależ tak!, Universitas, Kraków 2010.
  • M. Małolepsza, A. Szymkiewicz, Hurra! Po polsku 2, Prolog, Kraków 2017.
  • L. Marinelli, A. Stryjecka, Corso di lingua polacca, Hoepli, Milano 2018.
  • I. Stempek, A.Szymkiewicz, Polski krok po kroku 2, Glossa, Kraków 2008.

Additional teaching material (grammar sheets, exercises, various texts, videos, songs, etc.) will be provided by the teacher during the lessons and will be available to students during the lessons through the Aulaweb platform of the course.



I semester (the first lesson will be on Tuesday, October 10, h 8:30 -10, aula I, Polo didattico)

The timetable will be available on the university's Easyacademy. To confirm the timetable, please consult the personal page of Dr. Karolina Kowalcze at the beginning of the first semester and/or contact her via email:



Class schedule




A written test of the Theoretical Module, a written and oral test of the lecture, both at the end of the course. Passing the written test constitutes a prerequisite for access to the oral test.


During the academic year there are 3-4 intermediate tests (prove 'in itinere') written with the aim of providing adequate preparation for the final exam. The final exam is aimed at verifying the effective acquisition of the four language skills at the level required by the educational objectives of the course, as well as the metalinguistic and translation skills developed by the student during the lessons.


Attendance is highly recommended. Non-attending students can take the final exam of the course, but are invited to contact the teacher at the beginning of the academic year to agree on a possible program adapted to their training requirement and language skills in Polish.

Students who have been certified with special educational needs (DSA), such as dyslexia or dysgraphia, are invited to contact me, as well as to familiarise with the services (e.g. “ufficio disabilità  e DSA”) the University offers to support them.