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CODE 56542
ACADEMIC YEAR 2024/2025
CREDITS
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR CHIM/07
LANGUAGE Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
SEMESTER 1° Semester
MODULES Questo insegnamento è un modulo di:
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

Study of chemical and chemical-physical basic of technologies, with particular reference to materials, properties and interaction with the environment, providing a synthesis of common principles of state and transformation of matter.

AIMS AND CONTENT

LEARNING OUTCOMES

The module aims to provide students with the fundamentals of a basic chemical culture essential to describe the structure and reactivity of the materials and to interpret the transformations in natural, environmental and technological processes.

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The training activities proposed in the form of lectures, exercises and numerical applications, associated to the individual study, will allow the student to:

know the atomic structure;

understand the mechanisms of strong and weak chemical bond formation;

know the structure of solids, liquids and understand the gas state equations;

understand the relationships between electrical, magnetic and mechanical structure and properties;

to know the main thermodynamic and kinetic variables involved in the transformation of matter;

evaluate the conditions of the chemical equilibrium;

determine quantitatively the equilibriums in gas phase, in aqueous solutions and in the electrochemical systems;

discuss all the proposed activities with a scientific method and appropriate language.

TEACHING METHODS

The course includes lectures in the classroom. The lectures include the presentation of theoretical content and numerical exercises aimed at facilitating the learning and discussion of specific examples of chemical phenomena

Students who have valid certification of physical or learning disabilities on file with the University and who wish to discuss possible accommodations or other circumstances regarding lectures, coursework and exams, should speak both with the instructor and with Professor Federico Scarpa (federico.scarpa@unige.it  ), the Polytechnic School's disability liaison.

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

  • Atomic structure of the matter: atomic models, quantum numbers, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, Pauli exclusion principle.
  • Periodic table
  • Nuclear energy and radioactivity: Radioactive emissions, half-life
  • Atomic bonds: covalent, ionic, metallic bond, hydrogen bond, weak bonds
  • Inorganic nomenclature: Oxides, anhydrides, hydroxides, acids, Salts
  • Stoichiometry of the chemical reactions, quantitative exercises, reaction yield
  • concentration of the solutions: percent composition, mole fractions, molarity.
  • Atomic structure of the matter: atomic models, quantum numbers, Heisenberg uncertainty principle, Pauli exclusion principle.
  • Periodic table: periodic classification of elements and properties of groups
  • Nuclear energy and radioactivity: Radioactive emissions, half-life
  • Atomic bonds: covalent, ionic, metallic bond, hydrogen bond, weak bonds
  • The gas laws: Boyle’s, Charles’s, Gay-Lussac’s and Avogadro’s laws, ideal and real gas law, the volume of gases in the chemical reactions.
  • Fundamentals of Thermodynamics: 1° and 2° principle of Thermodynamics, Enthalpy, Entropy, free Energy
  • Chemical equilibriums: the equilibrium constant, relation between free energy and equilibrium.
  • Heterogeneous equilibrium: state diagrams
  • Chemical kinetic: reaction order, Arrhenius’s law.
  • The solutions: pH and the hydrolysis
  • Electrochemical systems: batteries, fuel cells, electrolysis
  • Water, Air, & Soil Pollution.

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

The notes taken during the lessons and the material in the aulaweb are sufficient for the preparation of the exam, but the following book is suggested as supporting and in-depth text.

- M. Panizza, Chimica per Ingegneria (teoria ed esercizi)

On the aulaweb site of the course there are examples of final tests proposed in previous years with the related solutions

 

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

LESSONS

Class schedule

The timetable for this course is available here: Portale EasyAcademy

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

The exam consists of a written test that includes both exercises and theoretical questions with optional oral (the student who has passed the written test with a grade greater than or equal to 18 out of thirty can decide whether to take an oral exam on the established days or accept the mark of the written test). Some examples of exams can be found on aulaweb. The results of the exams will be published on the aulaweb.

The written test can be repeated, but in this case the grade of the last written test is valid.

To access the oral exam, students must have passed the written exam with a minimum grade of 16/30.

The oral exam is structured on 3 questions, mainly theoretical on all the topics covered in class. The grade obtained in this module will be the average of the written and oral test.

The grade obtained in teaching will be the average of the marks awarded in the two modules in which the teaching is divided.

ASSESSMENT METHODS

The exam tests with the student will allow:
evaluate the knowledge of the atomic structure;
verify the understanding of the mechanisms of strong and weak chemical bond formation;
evaluate understanding of the structure of solids, liquids and understanding of the gas state equations;
evaluate the ability to identify the relationships between electrical, magnetic and mechanical structure and properties;
to evaluate the knowledge of the main thermodynamic and kinetic quantities involved in the transformation of matter and the conditions of the chemical equilibrium;
verify the ability in the quantitative evaluation of gaseous equilibriums, in aqueous solutions and in electrochemical systems;
discuss all the proposed activities with a scientific method and appropriate language.

FURTHER INFORMATION

Working students and students with SLD, disability or other special educational needs are advised to contact the teacher at the beginning of the course to agree on teaching and examination methods that take into account individual learning modalities