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CODE 80595
LANGUAGE Italian (English on demand)
SEMESTER 2° Semester


The teaching deals with the monitoring of the territory and the built environment by means of geomatic surveying techniques, such as photogrammetry, also by drone, and laser scanning. Attention is paid both to the planning, implementation and processing of measurement campaigns and to the interpretation of the obtained results.



This course aims to provide the theoretical and practical tools for monitoring both the territory and the built environment. The course will deal with useful criteria for an optimal design of punctual monitoring, as well as integrated surveying techniques extended to the area to be monitored, such as laser scanning and photogrammetry also from drone, and the related phases of processing and analysis of results.


During the teaching, the surveying techniques addressed in the Geomatics I (spirit level and total station) will be deepened; GNSS surveying for post-processing will be introduced, in order to monitor points with a high level of precision, as well as photogrammetry and laser scanning, in order to perform areal measurements according to the specificity of the monitoring object. Some in-depth studies will be devoted to the optimal design of measurement campaigns, their processing phase and the advanced analysis of results.
Therefore, at the end of the teaching, the students will be able to
- plan an integrated measurement campaign using different measurement techniques
- carry out a measurement campaign using the available topographic instrumentation
- process the obtained data and analyse the results
- evaluate the quality of the obtained results on the basis of the expected precision and the initial characteristics of the data (resolution, accuracy, precision)
- work in a team and critically evaluate their work


Teaching will also develop the following soft skills and competencies (soft-skills):
- teamwork with a collaborative and constructive attitude;

- strategic thinking and critical thinking;

- effective communication and argumentative skills,

which will enable the relevant Open badges to be obtained:
- functional literacy competency - advanced level    

- personal competence - advanced level    

- social competence - advanced level    

- learning to learn skills - advanced level    

- competence in project creation - advanced level



The notions covered in the Geomatics I teaching are closely linked to those covered in this teaching.


Lectures (30 hours) and exercises (20 hours), the latter related to the survey experience carried out in the field, the processing of the resulting data and the first critical analyses.
The instrumental exercises, as well as the numerical exercises for processing and analysing the data deriving from the measurement campaign, are particularly useful for learning the operational practices illustrated during the lessons, for processing the measurement campaigns and for acquiring the necessary sensitivity for the relative analyses.
The teaching is held in Italian but bibliographical references are available in English.

Students who have a valid certification of physical or learning disability recorded at the University and who wish to discuss possible accommodations or other circumstances relating to lectures, teachings and examinations should contact both the lecturer and Prof. Federico Scarpa (, the Polytechnic School disability contact person.

Working students are advised to contact the lecturer at the beginning of the teaching in order to agree on teaching and examination arrangements that, while respecting the teaching objectives, take into account individual learning methods.


Criteria and methodologies useful for the design, processing and analysis of geomatic monitoring campaigns will be illustrated. In particular, the issues related to the optimal design of the survey through topographic network simulation techniques, the processing of measurement campaigns and the related analysis of results will be addressed.
The teaching completes the knowledge of the main surveying methodologies already covered in the Geomatics I, by introducing post-processing precision GNSS surveying, photogrammetry (also from drone) and laser-scanner. Particular attention will be paid to the possibility of integration between the presented surveying techniques. The theoretical illustration of the instruments and their operating methods and the description and use of software for data processing will be addressed.
The integrated measurement campaign, which will be carried out using the different techniques covered, will allow for a first operational experience.


Lecture notes and material provided by the teacher to the students (in italian language) using AulaWeb.


Texts for consultation (in English):

Blachut T. J., Chrzanowski A., Saastamoinen J. H.: Urban Surveying and Mapping. Springer – Verlag,  1979, ISBN 978-1-4612-6147-6

Hofmann-Wellenhof B., Lichtenegger H, Collins J.: Global Positioning System - Theory and Practice. Springer&Verlag, Vienna

Leick A.: GPS Satellite Surveying, John Wiley & Sons Inc., New Jersey, USA, ISBN 0-471-05930-7

Kraus K. : Photogrammetry. Vol 1 – Fundamentals and Standard Processes. Dummler, Bonn, 1993.

Mikhail E. M.: Observations and Least Squares. University Press of America, Lanham, MD, 1976.



Class schedule

The timetable for this course is available here: Portale EasyAcademy



Oral examination (in Italian or English), with presentation (via slides) and discussion of the application carried out in small groups (2-4 members), complete with critical analysis using quality control procedures of the campaigns carried out and the obtained results, like the work were delivered to the commitmenter.

Knowledge of the theoretical-practical concepts of the teaching as well as the ability to critically analyse the entire treated process will be assessed in the examination.


The oral examination will assess knowledge of the theoretical concepts of the teaching, technical language property, as well as the ability to critically analyse what has been worked on.
Therefore the final grade will take into account the quality of the presentation (relating to the processing techniques employed, the analyses carried out, the strategies for solving any problems encountered), the critical discussion of the results carried out, the expository capacity and knowledge of the theoretical concepts.


It is preferable, but it is not mandatory, that the group takes the examination at the same exam round.
It is requested that the presentation slides of the technical report are deliverde during the examination, either by sending them by email or by delivering them on a informatic medium (CD, DVD or USB stick).

Agenda 2030 - Sustainable Development Goals

Agenda 2030 - Sustainable Development Goals
Quality education
Quality education
Gender equality
Gender equality
Reduce inequality
Reduce inequality
Sustainable cities and communities
Sustainable cities and communities
Life on land
Life on land
Partnerships for the goals
Partnerships for the goals


 PRO3 - Soft skills - Alfabetica avanzato 1 - A
PRO3 - Soft skills - Alfabetica avanzato 1 - A
 PRO3 - Soft skills - Personale avanzato 1 - A
PRO3 - Soft skills - Personale avanzato 1 - A
 PRO3 - Soft skills - Sociale avanzato 1 - A
PRO3 - Soft skills - Sociale avanzato 1 - A
 PRO3 - Soft skills - Imparare a imparare avanzato 1 - A
PRO3 - Soft skills - Imparare a imparare avanzato 1 - A
 PRO3 - Soft skills - Creazione progettuale avanzato 1 - A
PRO3 - Soft skills - Creazione progettuale avanzato 1 - A