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BIOLOGY

CODE 72707
ACADEMIC YEAR 2022/2023
CREDITS
  • 1 cfu during the 1st year of 9277 INFERMIERISTICA PEDIATRICA(L/SNT1) - GENOVA
  • 1 cfu during the 1st year of 9278 OSTETRICIA(L/SNT1) - GENOVA
  • 1 cfu during the 1st year of 9276 INFERMIERISTICA(L/SNT1) - CHIAVARI
  • 1 cfu during the 1st year of 9276 INFERMIERISTICA(L/SNT1) - SAVONA
  • 1 cfu during the 1st year of 9276 INFERMIERISTICA(L/SNT1) - LA SPEZIA
  • 1 cfu during the 1st year of 9276 INFERMIERISTICA(L/SNT1) - IMPERIA
  • 1 cfu during the 1st year of 9276 INFERMIERISTICA(L/SNT1) - GE GALLIERA
  • 1 cfu during the 1st year of 9276 INFERMIERISTICA(L/SNT1) - GE ASL 3
  • 1 cfu during the 1st year of 9276 INFERMIERISTICA(L/SNT1) - GE SAN MARTINO
  • SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/13
    LANGUAGE Italian
    TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • CHIAVARI
  • SAVONA
  • LA SPEZIA
  • IMPERIA
  • GE GALLIERA
  • GE ASL 3
  • GE SAN MARTINO
  • SEMESTER 1° Semester
    MODULES This unit is a module of:
    TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

    OVERVIEW

    The course will introduce students to the basic concepts of molecular and cellular biology, starting from the morphological and structural description of the cell. The course will describe the biological processes that regulate the handling of genetic information, of protein synthesis and of cell reproduction and organization. The course will also present an overview of embryonic development to evidence the specific hierarchical organization of molecular effectors to drive the development of individual organisms

    AIMS AND CONTENT

    AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

    • AIMS

    Lessons aim to introduce students to the basic and most relevant aspects of cell biology, so that, at the end of the course, students will be able to interpret the cell as a functional unit of structures of superior hierarchical order (tissue, organs, and individuals) and as suitable target of therapeutic and pharmacological treatments.

    • LEARNING OUTCOMES (DETAILED)

    Students are required to retain knowledge of molecular and functional cellular mechanisms that allow the existence of living organisms, as well as to comprehend their significance in relation to other cells and the surrounding microenvironment. Students must also know, comprehend and be able to compare the molecular mechanisms that allow to control and to direct the genetic information that drives the developmental plan of living organisms; they will also be required to critically evaluate the possible effects of alterations of main cellular functions and their biological consequences. Students will also be expected to retain and use the proper scientific terminology. 

    TEACHING METHODS

    Classes will be managed as frontal lectures with Power Point presentations; during classes, students will be engaged in active discussion, via examples and specific exercises. If necessary, lessons may be provided on-line, through specific platforms and pre-arrangements made between the teacher, the students and the different Schools in the region.

    Students can take advantage of online material (lectures power point notes) available on the AulaWeb website; the teacher can be reached via email to arrange specific one-to-one meeting for further assistance/explanation as needed

    SYLLABUS/CONTENT

    Introduction to the “cell theory”; prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; the endo-symbiotic theory; structure and functions of the cell membrane; membrane transportation: simple and facilitated diffusion, passive and active transportation (ion channels and transporters); endo- and exocytosis. Chemical composition and structure of DNA; molecular mechanisms of DNA replication in prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells; transcription and characteristics of m-, r-, and of t-RNA. Translation and the genetic code; role of mRNA, tRNA and of ribosomes. Proteins: their structures and roles inside the cell; enzymes and structural proteins. Cell cycle and its control in eukaryotic cells (growth factors, oncogenes and onco-suppressor proteins). Mechanisms of cell communication; membrane and intracellular receptors; overview of signal transductions. Apoptosis. Overview of the basic mechanisms that control cell differentiation and embryonic development.

    RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

    Power point notes of class lectures are available for students to be downloaded from AulaWeb (https://sanitarie.aulaweb.unige.it/course/search.php?search=biologia). Files are strictly for personal use only; files must not be shared on social media, posted on any internet website or put on any sharing platform; files must not be printed out for sale or photocopied. Other basic biology and genetics textbooks can be also used, providing they are intended for University Master Degree courses, among which the ones indicated below:

    D. Sadava et al.; Biologia: 1La cellula. Zanichelli Ed.

    D. Sadava et al.; Biologia: 2L’ereditarietà ed il genoma. Zanichelli Ed.

    E.P. Solomon et al., Elementi di Biologia. EdiSes Ed.

    Alberts et al. “L’essenziale di biologia molecolare della cellula”, Zanichelli Ed.

    TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

    Exam Board

    LILIANA BELGIOIA

    EMILIA BELLONE

    RENATA BOCCIARDI

    SVEVA BOLLINI

    WILLIAM BRUNO

    EMILIO DI MARIA

    ROBERTO EGGENHOFFNER

    PAOLO GIANNONI

    MASSIMO MARESCA

    ALDAMARIA PULITI

    PAOLO SCUDIERI

    ROBERTA TASSO

    GIANNI VIARDO VERCELLI

    FRANCESCA LANTIERI (President and Coordinator of Integrated Course)

    RENATA BOCCIARDI

    SVEVA BOLLINI

    ROBERTO EGGENHOFFNER

    LESSONS

    LESSONS START

    According to the formal communication provided by the competent office of each Faculty/School

    Class schedule

    All class schedules are posted on the EasyAcademy portal.

    EXAMS

    EXAM DESCRIPTION

    The exam is a written text –either to be taken on-line or in presence- during which students are requested to answer 10 questions relating each of the integrated course single teaching. Questions will span through all main items/topics presented during the course. Different types of questions will be used, such as multiple choices, correlation questions and graphical questions (mainly referring to pictograms/schemes already presented during classes). The test will be timed, allowing 10 minutes for each set of 10 questions (this applies both for on-line and in presence test sessions).

    ASSESSMENT METHODS

    The exam aims to verify the students’ comprehension of cell morphology and general organization, as well as their knowledge of the differences/similarities among prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells and of their vital functions. The exam aims to assess the student’s knowledge of the molecular biology central dogma and of the molecular mechanisms that drive cell development.

    The students’ ability to memorize specific terms/statements and to correlate them with specific cellular functions/activities shall be evaluated, primarily, by correlation questions. Different additional types of questions, among which multiple choice questions, will also be used to evaluate the students’ competence relating molecular and functional cellular activities. The appropriateness of the students’ understanding about cause/effect correlations, control mechanisms, as well as organelle structures and/or morphological aspects may also be examined by their answers to graphical questions.

    FURTHER INFORMATION

    Registration for the exams is strictly limited to the on-line registration system. No students will be allowed to take the exam if not enrolled or if enrolled by any other means. If students experience troubles/inconveniences while enrolling, they are strongly encouraged to contact the on-line student service IN ADVANCE to the enrolment deadline.

    Topics covered during lessons are summarized by the power-point presentations available on the AulaWeb page. Additional material can be presented at the end of the front lesson and made available through AulaWeb (https://www.aulaweb.unige.it).