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CODE 65090
SEMESTER 1° Semester


The teaching proposes a training course aimed at identifying entities, resources and dynamics for a proper information management in the construction of the research paths. Departing from general notions of bibliography and documentation intended as orientation tools within the infosphere, the archival information universe will be considered as a tangible trace of the administrative activity, a direct resource for the knowledge of the past and an instrument for the protection of the rights and for society organization.



The course aims to offer a complete framework of the theories and techniques of document information management in an analogue and digital environment, with particular regard to the formation, organization and preservation of archives as well as to the elaboration, implementation and use of finding aids.


The teaching of Archival Science and Documentation aims to provide students with basic coordinates on how to find and manage bibliographic, documentary, and archival information resources for research purposes through three degrees of progressive deepening corresponding to the scanning in modules.

  • The first module (6 CFU) offers an organic and critical overview of the tools and methods for the correct management of bibliographic and archival information. At the end of the course, the student will be able to identify and select information resources and organize them independently.
  • The second module (9 CFU) offers, in addition, an in-depth analysis of the peculiarities of archival information qualified as a tool and residual of an administrative activity that only a posteriori becomes a source for research. At the end of the course, the student will be able to independently identify archival fonds of her/his interest, to use traditional archival research tools and those present in Web 2.0, typical of the archival web and digital communication.
  • The third module (12 credits) completes the framework by addressing the impact digital information and communication technologies have had and will have on contemporary archives. At the end of the course, the student will be able to critically evaluate the factual characteristics of computer management systems of documents and preservation systems concerning the problems posed by digital preservation, and implement simple strategies for properly managing small digital archives.


Lessons will be held in person. Attendance, although not mandatory, is recommended. The professor, at the specific request of the student concerned, allows, through the Teams platform, the remote use of the lessons and the related recordings.

Educational content will be made available through the AulaWeb platform.

There will be moments of self-assessment aimed at the timely identification of the issues to which to reserve moments of deepening.

Seminars will be proposed with the leaders of particularly significant institutions, with visits to their respective locations, where possible.


Main topics covered in the first module (6 CFU):

  • General framework of the discipline and basic concepts.

  • Editorial Information Ecosystem.

  • Elements of bibliography.

  • Catalogues and online research.

  • Bibliography and Reference Management Software/Citation Management Tools.

  • Scientific Information and Open Access.

  • The life stages of the archive and the concept of record continuum.

  • The curent record: tools and activities.

  • The Intermediate storage: the appraisal.

  • The historical archive: reordering.

  • Archive, structure and related entities.

  • Archives in Italy: dissemination and geography of conservation institutes.

  • Archives as cultural assets: forms and methods of protection, enhancement and promotion.

  • Use of archives and documentation: access and consultation.

  • From finding aids to research tools: description, representation.

  • Research tools: guides and inventories.

Main topics covered in the second module (9 CFU):

  • From description to sharing: archival standards.

  • The competences of the Archival and Bibliographic Superintendences.

  • Archival Web.

  • Historical Archives and Computer Science.

  • Elements of Archives History.


Main topics covered in the third module (12 CFU):

  • Basic elements of Archival Records Management: documents, information, data, metadata.

  • The problem of technological obsolescence applied to the archives.

  • Characteristics and classification of computer formats and related extensions.

  • The problem of the reliability of digital testimony.

  • Digital document transmission systems.

  • Document and digital archive production.

  • The hybrid archive.

  • Digital preservation.


1. F. VALACCHI, Diventare archivisti. Competenze tecniche di un mestiere sul confine, Milano, Editrice Bibliografica 2022.
2. Archivistica. Teorie, metodi, pratiche, a cura di L. GIUVA e M. GUERCIO, Roma, Carocci, 2014.
3. E. LODOLINI, Storia dell'archivistica italiana: dal mondo antico alla metà del secolo XX, Milano, Franco Angeli, 2013, con esclusione dei capitoli 1-3.
4. S. PIGLIAPOCO, Documentare archiviare conoscere. Formare e conservare la memoria nel contesto digitale, Torre del Lago, Civita Editoriale, 2022.

Students who regularly attend lessons can agree on an alternative program; those who find it difficult to obtain the texts will be able to contact the teacher to identify others accessible in digital format.

For those who take the exam for 6 CFU the following are excluded:

S. PIGLIAPOCO, Progetto archivio digitale: metodologia, sistemi, professionalità, Torre del Lago, Civita Editoriale, 2016;
e i capitoli 10-11, 14 del volume Archivistica. Teorie, metodi, pratiche, a cura di L. GIUVA e M. GUERCIO, Roma, Carocci, 2014.




2024, September 



The exam takes place orally. The question leaves room for presenting a topic of the program chosen by the student and at least one further question formulated by the teacher. Further questions can be asked by the teacher to better ascertain the candidate’s level of preparation.

Attending students will have the opportunity to carry out ongoing tests, resulting in a reduction in the exam program.


The oral exam will focus on the topics addressed in class and covered by the bibliography. The preparation level assessment of the candidates will consider the adequate mastery of the basic notions of the discipline and the ability to critically re-elaborate on the themes and problems faced in class.

For not attending students, the exam will focus exclusively on the bibliography, without prejudice to the assessment criteria just stated.


For students with disabilities or specific learning disabilities (SLD):

Students with disabilities or SLD are reminded that in order to request exam accommodations, they must first submit their certification on the university website at under the "Students" section. The documentation will be reviewed by the University's Disability and SLD Student Inclusion Services Department (

Subsequently, at least 10 days before the exam date, an email should be sent to the instructor who will oversee the exam, copying both the School's Disability and SLD Student Inclusion Coordinator (email of the coordinator) and the aforementioned department. The email should specify:

  • The name of the course
  • The date of the exam
  • The surname, first name, and student ID number
  • The compensatory tools and dispensatory measures deemed functional and requested.

The coordinator will confirm to the instructor that the applicant is entitled to request exam accommodations and that such accommodations must be agreed upon with the instructor. The instructor will respond by indicating whether the requested accommodations can be utilized.

Requests must be sent at least 10 days before the exam date to allow the instructor time to assess them. Specifically, if conceptual maps for the exam are to be used (which must be much more concise than those used for studying), if the submission does not meet the timing requirements, there will not be enough time to make any necessary adjustments.

For further information regarding the request for services and accommodations, please consult the document:

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