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CODE 65457
ACADEMIC YEAR 2024/2025
CREDITS
SCIENTIFIC DISCIPLINARY SECTOR BIO/16
LANGUAGE Italian
TEACHING LOCATION
  • GENOVA
  • CHIAVARI
  • PIETRA LIGURE
  • LA SPEZIA
  • GE SAN MARTINO
SEMESTER 1° Semester
MODULES Questo insegnamento è un modulo di:
TEACHING MATERIALS AULAWEB

OVERVIEW

The course of Splanchnological Anatomy (2 CFU, 20 hours) is held in the first semester of the first year of the Program, and starts approximately at the beginning of October. It  focuses on the description of the systems of the splanchnic cavities of the human body. The program also includes a general description of the locomotor system and the structures that make up the central nervous system. The presentation of these topics will follow mainly a systematic approach.

 

AIMS AND CONTENT

AIMS AND LEARNING OUTCOMES

The teaching of Splancnology aims to provide the student with adequate knowledge of the anatomical systems present in the splancnic cavities of the human body, starting from a macroscopic description up to the microscopic structure. Neuroanatomy and Osteo arthro muscular system will also be part of the program. In this way the student will have the basis to deepen specific topics in the field of human anatomy , and more generally to understand, along with the study of other disciplines, the normal physiology of the human organism and pathologies resulting from abnormalities in its functioning. 

In the case of the Program of Medical Radiology Technicians, the Anatomy course will foresee additional Innovative Learning lessons, which will promote the following transversal skills:
- literacy-functional competence, advanced level;
- personal competence, advanced level;
- social competence, advanced level;
- learning to learn, basic level.

TEACHING METHODS

The teaching activity will consist of 20 hours of lectures, during which, with the use of visual aids, all the topics that require knowledge at the time of the final examination will be illustrated and discussed with the students .

In the sole case of the Program of Medical Radiology Technicians, to optimize training effectiveness, in addition to the 20 hours of frontal lessons, participatory teaching meetings are planned, which involve group work based on the use of  'case study'. This teaching methodology will allow students to work on literacy competence (at an advanced level), personal competence (at an advanced level), social competence (at an advanced level), and will promote their ability to learn to learn ( at a basic level).

 

SYLLABUS/CONTENT

Anatomical terminology

Terms of position: anatomical position, planes and lines (clavicular, hemiclaveal, basisternal, subcostal, bisiliaca, xifopubica, spondiloidea), landmarks, reference terminology (cranial / caudal, etc), quadrant of the abdomen;

terms of movement: definitions of the main simple movements, definition of compound movements.

Division of the body into regions and their superficial delimitation.

General organization of organs: Organization of the head and neck. Organization and topography of the organs contained in the thoracic cavity, mediastinal cavity and abdominal cavity. Peritoneum, supramesocolic and submesocolic spaces, retroperitoneal space, extra(sub)peritoneal space.

Osteo arthro muscular system 

BONES  Head: bones of the head (neurocranium and splanchnocranium).
Trunk: vertebral column.
Thorax: rib cage, ribs and sternum.
Upper limb: general organization of the bones of the upper limb (particularly clavicle, scapula, humerus, radius, ulna).
Lower limb: general organization of the bones of the lower limb (particularly hip, pelvis, femur, patella, tibia, fibula, foot).
JOINTS
Joint classification (particularly synarthrosis and diarthrosis).
Trunk joint: joints of the spine.
Chest joint: scapulohumeral, costovertebral, sternocostal joints.
Upper limb articulation: articulation of the shoulder girdle and shoulder.
Joints of the lower limb: coxofemoral joints.
MUSCLES
Major muscles of the chest and abdomen.

Splanchnology

CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
Organization of the systemic and pulmonary circulation.
Topography, morphology and structure of the heart, and pericardium.
Structure of arterial and venous vessels.
Cardiac vascularization.
Aorta and its main branches supplying the head, trunk and limbs.
Cava vein system, azygos vein system, hepatic portal system, main venous branches of the head, trunk and limbs.

LYMPHATIC SYSTEM AND LYMPHOID ORGANS
General organization of lymphatic vessels and lymph node stations.
Topography, morphology and structure of the following lymphoid organs: tonsils, thymus, spleen, lymph nodes and MALT.

RESPIRATORY SYSTEM
General organization.
Nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses.
Topography, morphology and structure of the following organs: nasopharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchi and bronchial tree, lungs, pleura.
Pulmonary vasculature

DIGESTIVE SYSTEM
General organization.
Buccal cavity
Topography, morphology and structure of the following organs: oropharynx, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine;
Topography, morphology and structure of the associated glands: liver, pancreas and salivary glands.

Peritoneum.

URINARY SYSTEM
General organization.
Topography, morphology and structure of the kidneys.
Vasculature of the renal lobe and organization of the nephron.
Morphology and structure of the urinary tract.

REPRODUCTIVE SYSTEM
Topography, morphology and structure of the internal genital organs:
- male gonad, spermatic ducts, and related glands.
- female gonad, uterine tube, uterus (notes on the ovarian and the uterine cycle).

ENDOCRINE SYSTEM
Topography, morphology and structure of the following organs: pituitary gland, epiphysis, thyroid, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, endocrine pancreas.

Neuroanatomy

General organization of the nervous system (central/peripheral, somatic/autonomic). Sensory compartment, effector compartment. Gray matter and white matter.
Meninges, Ventricles, Barriers.
Spinal cord.
Brain (brain stem, cerebellum, diencephalon, telencephalon).
Main afferent circuits.
Main efferent circuits.


 

 

RECOMMENDED READING/BIBLIOGRAPHY

One choice among the following books:

Tortora,  Nielsen - Principi di anatomia - Editrice Ambrosiana

Anatomia Umana – Martini /Timmons/Tallitsch-  EdiSes

Barbatelli e autori vari- Anatomia Umana - Fondamenti con istituzioni di istologia, Edi Ermes 

Anatomia Umana - Saladin - Piccin

 

Only for FISIOTERAPIA students:

Necessary:

1. Roger SoamesNigel Palastanga Anatomia umana e movimento. Anatomia umana generale e anatomia funzionale dell'apparato locomotore. Edra, 2020

2. Luigi Cattaneo Anatomia del sistema nervoso centrale e periferico dell'uomo. Monduzzi

 

TEACHERS AND EXAM BOARD

Exam Board

SILVIA BRUNO (President)

FRANCO FAIS (President)

ROBERTA CASTRICONI

MARIELLA DELLA CHIESA

ALESSANDRA DONDERO

FABIO GIUSEPPE GHIOTTO

MARCO GREPPI

SILVIA PESCE

SILVIA RAVERA

SIMONA SIVORI

EMANUELA MARCENARO (President and Coordinator of Integrated Course)

LESSONS

LESSONS START

 The lessons will start in the first semester in accordance with the didactic calendar

Class schedule

The timetable for this course is available here: Portale EasyAcademy

EXAMS

EXAM DESCRIPTION

Oral examination

ASSESSMENT METHODS

The learning verification  takes place through the final examination that aims to ascertain the actual acquisition by the student of the expected learning results.

To pass the exam, the student has to acquire a grade of not less than 18/30.

For this module a 'test in itinere' will be available for students of the first academic year, to be held in december, and the result will be taken into account during the official 'Anatomia-Istologia' exams of the first academic year. 

Students will need to demonstrate an adequate knowledge of the anatomical systems present in the splancnic cavities of the human body, from a macroscopic description up to the microscopic structure, as well as knowledge of Neuroanatomy and Osteo arthro muscular system. 

 

  

FURTHER INFORMATION

The professor receives the students by previous appointment requested with an email.